- Vol 4, No 1 (2017)
THE DEVELOPMENT OF MARINE SPATIAL PLANNING AND ITS APPLICATION FOR FLOATING FISH NET CULTURE
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Marine spatial planning has become the crucial issues for an archipelagic state such as Indonesia. The global market demand on marine economic species has been initiated the exploitation of the marine species which will become the hindrance in maintaining the sustainable marine biodiversity. Besides that, the degradation of marine species will also become the problem for traditional fishermen. Therefore, a model has to be employed to spatially manage the coastal waters as the alternative for fishermen activities during the closed season, such as floating fish net culture. The aim of this study is to develop marine spatial planning model based on ecological approach to identify the potentiality of marine waters for marine culture such as floating fish net culture. The method for the model consist of social assessment using the Delphi for developing the rule of marine planning for floating fish net culture and the spatial analysis technique for determining the model of marine spatial planning for floating fish net culture. The area of Kupang Bay waters, East Nusa Tenggara was used as the study area. The result indicates that the model can be used to sustainable marine spatial planning, especially for floating fish net culture. The model considers the aspects of potential area for marine culture, the management of zonation and transportation lanes, the conservation and protected area and the strategic area. Application in Kupang bay illustrates the aspect of technology input such as raceways since the majority of the area of Kupang Bay waters is classified as medium potential. Further research still need to optimum the application of model to others marine area.
Marine biodiversity; spatial planning; ecological and economic model
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