Potential Effect and Analysis of High Residential Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Systems Penetration to an Electric Distribution Utility (DU)
Article Metrics: (Click on the Metric tab below to see the detail)
The Renewable Energy Act of 2008 in the Philippines provided an impetus for residential owners to explore solar PV installations at their own rooftops through the Net-Metering policy. The Net-Metering implementation through the law however presented some concerns with inexperienced electric DU on the potential effect of high residential solar PV system installations. It was not known how a high degree of solar integration to the grid can possibly affect the operations of the electric DU in terms of energy load management. The primary objective of this study was to help the local electric DU in the analysis of the potential effect of high residential solar PV system penetration to the supply and demand load profile in an electric distribution utility (DU) grid in the province of Agusan del Norte, Philippines. The energy consumption profiles in the year 2015 were obtained from the electric DU operating in the area. An average daily energy demand load profile was obtained from 0-hr to the 24th hour of the day based from the figures provided by the electric DU. The assessment part of the potential effect of high solar PV system integration assumed four potential total capacities from 10 Mega Watts (MW) to 40 MW generated by all subscribers in the area under study at a 10 MW interval. The effect of these capacities were measured and analyzed with respect to the average daily load profile of the DU. Results of this study showed that a combined installations beyond 20 MWp coming from all subscribers is not viable for the local electric DU based on their current energy demand or load profile. Based from the results obtained, the electric DU can make better decisions in the management of high capacity penetration of solar PV systems in the future, including investment in storage systems when extra capacities are generated.
Article History: Received July 15th 2016; Received in revised form Sept 23rd 2016; Accepted Oct 1st 2016; Available online
How to Cite This Article: Dellosa, J. (2016) Potential Effect and Analysis of High Residential Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Systems Penetration to an Electric Distribution Utility (DU). Int. Journal of Renewable Energy Development, 5(3), 179-185.
- Almendras, J. (2012) Towards a Sustainable and Competitive Power Sector. Department of Energy, Philippine Government.
- Asian Development Bank (2009) The Economics of Climate Change in Southeast Asia: A Regional Review.
- Byrne, R.H., Concepcion, R., Neely, J., Wilches-Bernal, F., Elliot, R., Lavrova, O.& Quiroz, J. (2016) Small Signal Stability of the Western North American Power Grid with High Penetrations of Renewable Generation. Proceedings of the Photovoltaic Specialists Conference. Oregon, USA.
- Damiel, D. (2014) Discussions on net-metering. Agusan del Norte Electric Cooperative, Inc. (ANECO)
- Dellosa, J. T. (2015). Financial payback of solar PV systems and analysis of the potential impact of Net-Metering in Butuan City, Philippines. In Environment and Electrical Engineering (EEEIC), 2015 IEEE 15th International Conference on (pp. 1453-1458).
- Department of Energy (2008) Philippine Energy Situation. Energy Situationer.
- Ducut, Z. (2013) Rules Enabling the Net-Metering for Renewable Energy. Energy Regulations Commission (ERC), Philippines.
- Elliot, R., Byrne, R., Ellis, A. & Grant, L. (2014) Impact of increased photovoltaic generation on inter-area oscillations in the Western North American power system. Proceedings of the 2014 IEEE PES General Meeting. National Harbor, MD, USA.
- Green Peace International (2005) The Environmental Impacts of Coal.
- Green Peace International (2014). Greenpeace statement ahead of the State of the Nation address: PNoy’s legacy: more coal plants than those built by all his predecessors combined?
- Inter-government Panel on Climate Change (2013) Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis.
- Inter-government Panel on Climate Change (2014) Climate Change 2014 Synthesis Report, Summary for Policy Makers.
- International Energy Agency (2013) South East Asia Energy Outlook, Special Report.
- Jimenez, H., Calleja, H., Gonzales, R., Huacuz, J. & Lagunas, J. (2006) The impact of photovoltaic systems on distribution transformer: a case study. Journal of Energy Conversion and Management, 47, 311-321.
- Katiraei, F., Mauch, K. & Dignard-Bailey, L. (2007) Integration of Photovoltaic Power Systems in High-Penetration Clusters for Distribution Networks and Mini-Grids. International Journal of Distributed Energy Resources, 3(3).
- Kolhe, M., Khot, P. (2015) Impact of the Coal Industry on Environment. International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Management Studies, 3(1), 66-73.
- Köppinger, P. (2014) Climate Report 2014 Energy Security and Climate Change Worldwide.
- Latour, M., Fontaine, B., Masson, G., Rekinger, M., Theologitis, I. & Papoutsi, M. (2013) Global market outlook for photovoltaics 2013-2017. EPIA, 5-6.
- Legarda, L. (2008) Republic Act 9513: Renewable Energy Act of 2008.
- Liss, B. (2013) Accompanying the Philippines on the road towards sustainable energy supply. Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ).
- Mather, B., Cheng, D., Seguin, R., Hambrick, J. & Broadwater, R. (2016) Photovoltaic (PV) Impact Assessment for Very High Penetration Levels. IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, 295-300.
- Munnik, V., Hochmann, G., Hlabane, M. & Law S. (2010) The Social and Environmental Consequences of Coal Mining in South Africa. Environmental Monitoring Group, Cape Town, South Africa and Both ENDs, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, January 2010, http://www.bothends.org/uploaded_files/uploadlibraryitem/1case_study_South_Africa_updated.pdf
- Panzer, C., Balabanov, T., Pabon, V., Ulreich, S., Krämer, L., Chaturvedi, P., Diodato, A., Khatib, H., Gulczynski, D., Miga-Papadopol, P., Day, B., Camacho, M., Auchariyamet, S., Eakponpisan, P., Shastri, A., Echinope, M. and Olson, S. (2016) Variable Renewables Integration in Electricity Systems: How to Get It Right, World Energy Perspectives, Renewables Integration, World Energy Council. https://www.worldenergy.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/Variable-Renewables-Integration-in-Electricity-Systems-2016-How-to-get-it-right-_-Full-Report-1.pdf.
- Rabbee, F., Wadud, A.M.A, Zaman, M.T. and Rahman, M.R (2013) Renewable Energy: An Ideal Solution of Energy Crisis and Economic Development in Bangladesh. Global Journal of Researches in Engineering Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Volume 13(5), 19-27.
- Thoma, M., Laukamp, H., Meyer, T. & Erge, T. (2004) Impact of a large capacity of distributed PV production on the low voltage grid. Proceedings of the 19th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference. Paris, France.
- Tselepis, S. & Neris, A. (2006) Impact of increasing penetration of PV and wind generation on the dynamic behaviour of the autonomous grid of the island of Kythnos, Greece. 3rd European Conference on PV Hybrids and Mini-grids, Aix en Provence.
- United States Energy Information Administration (2013) International Energy Outlook 2013.
- United States Environmental Protection Agency (2012) The Emissions & Generation Resource Integrated Database for 2012 (eGRID2012) Technical Support Document.
- Zwickel, T., Edenhofer, O., Pichs-Madruga, R., Sokona, Y., Seyboth, K., Matschoss, P., Kadner, S., Eickemeier, P., Hansen, G., von Stechow & C., Schlömer, S. (2012) Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation.
The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to International Journal of Renewable Energy Development and Center of Biomass and Renewable Energy, Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University as publisher of the journal.
Copyright encompasses exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all form and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms and any other similar reproductions, as well as translations. The reproduction of any part of this journal, its storage in databases and its transmission by any form or media, such as electronic, electrostatic and mechanical copies, photocopies, recordings, magnetic media, etc. , will be allowed only with a written permission from International Journal of Renewable Energy Development and Center of Biomass and Renewable Energy, Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University.
International Journal of Renewable Energy Development and Center of Biomass and Renewable Energy, Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University, the Editors and the Advisory International Editorial Board make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions or statements be published in the journal. In any way, the contents of the articles and advertisements published in the International Journal of Renewable Energy Development are sole and exclusive responsibility of their respective authors and advertisers.