Enhancement of Hybrid SPEEK Based Polymer–Cyclodextrin-Silica Inorganic Membrane for Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Application
Direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) is one of several types of fuel cells that use proton exchange membrane (PEM) as a liaison between the reaction at the cathode and anode. Polyether-ether ketone (PEEK) is one of the aromatic polymer that can be applied in DMFC because of its characteristics that are resistant to DMFC environment. The polymer is also quite easy in the sulfonation process using concentrated sulfuric acid. However the role of polyether-ether ketone as DMFC membrane material is still lack of advantage due to its low conductivity and therefore the modification is required to increase the value of proton conductivity of the membrane. The purpose of this experiment is to modify the membrane (sPEEK) with the addition of cyclodextrins-silica, additive variation charge of 2%, 6% and 10%, time and temperature were fixed at 4 hours and 65oC. The results showed the best results of membrane sPEEK was obtained at the addition of -cyclodextrin -silica 10% with the membrane characteristics of ion exchange capacity of 2.19 meq / g polymer, the degree of sulfonation of 81%, methanol permeability of 3.09 x 10-9 cm2 / s and water uptake membrane of 64%.
Article History: Received January 18th 2017; Received in revised form April 21st 2017; Accepted June 22nd 2017; Available online
How to Cite This Article: Kusworo, T.D., Hakim, M.F. and Hadiyanto, H. (2017) Enhancement of Hybrid SPEEK Based Polymer–Cyclodextrin-Silica Inorganic Membrane for Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Application. International Journal of Renewable Energy Development, 6(2), 165-170.
Adam, F.K,. Kandasamy, and S, Batakrishnan. (2006). Rice Husk Ash Silica a Support Material for Ruthenium Based Heterogenous Catalyst. Journal of Physical Science, 17(2), 1-3.
Carrette, L., Friedrich, K. A. and Stimming, U. (2001), Fuel Cells – Fundamentals and Applications. Fuel Cells, 1, 5–39.
Doğan, H., Inan, T.Y., Unveren, E., and Kaya, M., (2010). Effect of cesium salt of tungstophosphoric acid (Cs-TPA) on the properties of sulfonated polyether ether ketone (SPEEK) composite membranes for fuel cell applications.Int. Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 35, 7784-7795.
Genova-Dimitrova, B. Baradie, D. Foscallo, C. Poinsignon, J.Y. Sanchez. (2001) Ionomeric membranes for proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC): sulfonated polysulfone associated with phosphatoantimonic acid. Journal of Membrane Science, 185 (1), 59–71.
Handayani, S., Purwanto, W.W, Dewi, E.L. and Soemanto, R.W. (2007) Sintesis dan Karakterisasi Membran Elektrolit Polieter– Eter Keton Tersulfonasi. Jurnal Sains Materi Indonesia, 8(2), 1411 – 1098.
Hartanto, S., Handayani, S., Marlina, L. and Latifah, (2007) Pengaruh Silika pada Membran Elektrolit berbasis PEEK. Jurnal Sains Materi Indonesia. 8(3), 205-208.
Hidayati, N., Mujiburohman, M., Purnama, H., Hakim, M.F. (2015) Karakteristik Membran Komposit PoliEter Eter KetonTersulfonasi untuk Direct Methanol Fuel Cell. Proceedings of Kejuangan Chemical Engineering National Seminar, Indonesia. 1693-4393.
Hiremath, S.N., Raghavendra, R. K., Sunil, F., Danki, L. S., Rampure, M. V., Swamy, P. V., Bhosale, U. V. (2008) Dissolution Enhancement of Gliclazide by Preparation of Inclusion Complexes with β –cyclodextrin, Asian Journal of Pharmaceutics. 2(1), 73-76.
Ismail, A.F., Othman, N.H., Mustafa, A. (2009) Sulfonated polyether ether ketone composite membrane using tungstosilicic acid supported on silica–aluminium oxide for direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC). Journal of Membrane Science, 329, 18–29.
Maab, H., and Nunes, S.P. (2010) Modified sPPEK membranes for direct methanol fuel cell. Journal of Power Sources, 195, 4036-4032.
Mahreni, A., Mohamad, A.B., Kadhum, A.A.H., Daud, W.R.W., Iyuke, S.E. (2009) Nafion / silicon oxide / phospho-tungstic acid nanocomposite membrane with enhanced proton conductivity. Journal of Membrane Science, 327, 32–40.
Mat, N.C. and Liong, A. (2009) Chitosan – Poly(Vinyl Alcohol) and Calcium Oxide Composite Membrane for Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Applications. Engineering Letters, Advance Online Publication.
Roelofs, K.S., (2010) Sulfonated Poly(Ether Ether Ketone) Based Membranes For Direct Ethanol Fuel Cells. PhD Dissertation, Faculty of Energy and bioengineering, Universitat Stuttgart.
Shang, F., Li, L., Zhang, Y. and Li, H. (2009) PWA/Silica/PFSA Composite Membrane for Direct Methanol Fuel Cells. Journal of Material Science. 44, 4383-4388.
Shende Pravin, K. (2015) Effect of inclusion complexation of meloxicam with Beta-cyclodextrin and Beta-cyclodextrin-based nanosponges on solubility, in vitro release and stability studies. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces. 136, 105–110.
Silva,A.L., Takase, I., Pereira, R. P., and Rocco, A. M. (2008) Poly(styrene-co-acrylonitrile) based protonconductive membrans. European Polymer Journal. 17, 1462-1474.
XueSong, Yin, G., Cai, K., Shao, Y. (2007) Permeabilities of methanol, ethanol and dimethyl ether in new composite membranes: A comparison with Nafion membranes. Journal of Membrane Science, 289, 51–57.
Zhong,S., Liu, C., Na, H. (2009) Preparation and properties of UV irradiation-induced crosslinked sulfonated poly(ether ether ketone) proton exchange membranes. Journal of Membrane Science, 326, 400–407.
Zulfikar, Ali, M.Wahyuningrum, D. and Berghuis, N.T. (2009) Pengaruh Konsentrasi Kitosan terhadap Sifat Membran Komposit Kitosan-Silika untuk Sel Bahan Bakar. Proceedings of Seminar Kimia Bersama UKM-ITB VIII Bandung, Indonesia.
The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to International Journal of Renewable Energy Development and Center of Biomass and Renewable Energy, Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University as publisher of the journal.
Copyright encompasses exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all form and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms and any other similar reproductions, as well as translations. The reproduction of any part of this journal, its storage in databases and its transmission by any form or media, such as electronic, electrostatic and mechanical copies, photocopies, recordings, magnetic media, etc. , will be allowed only with a written permission from International Journal of Renewable Energy Development and Center of Biomass and Renewable Energy, Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University.
International Journal of Renewable Energy Development and Center of Biomass and Renewable Energy, Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University, the Editors and the Advisory International Editorial Board make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions or statements be published in the journal. In any way, the contents of the articles and advertisements published in the International Journal of Renewable Energy Development are sole and exclusive responsibility of their respective authors and advertisers.