Pemberian jus buah vitamin c dan madu menurunkan disfungsi rongga mulut pada anak akibat kemoterapi

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/jgi.5.1.62-67

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Article Info
Submitted: 19-10-2017
Published: 19-10-2017
Section: Articles
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Background : Dysfunction of the oral cavity is a common side effect of chemotherapy that occurs in children who are undergoing chemotherapy. To prevent a decline in quality of life of children with cancer, immediate treatment by maintaining nutritional balance is needed. This study aimed to determine the effect of vitamin C fruit juice to dysfunction of the oral cavity in children undergoing chemotherapy at Sanglah Hospital.

Methods : This was a quasi-experimental study with nonrandomized pre and posttest with control group design. Samples were taken using total sampling method, consisted of 26 children aged 3-12 years. Vitamin C intake rated by evaluation of vitamin C juice residue and dysfunction of the oral cavity were assayed by Beck Oral Assessment Scale (BOAS). The entire samples were given vitamin C fruit juice in accordance with BOAS score for 5 days. Normality test of pre-test, post-test and the difference between pre and post test data with Shapiro Wilk test showed that data were normally distributed (α> 0.05) so that data was analyzed using parametric test paired independent sample - test with a score of 0.001 and 95% level of significance.

Results : Results of analysis showed differences of oral cavity dysfunction score before and after fruit juice vitamin C treatment. Before treatment, mean of oral cavity dysfunction score in control group was 13.1 ± 2.1 and 12.8 ± 0.9 in treatment group. Mean of oral cavity dysfunction score after administration of oral vitamin C fruit juice in the control group and treatment group was 10.8 ± 1.8 and 8.2 ± 1.4, respectively.

Conclusion : There were an effect of vitamin C fruit juice and honey decrese of oral cavity dysfunction in children aged 3-12 years who were undergoing chemotherapy

Keywords

vitamin c fruit juice, dysfunction of the oral, children, chemoteraphy

  1. Gusti Ayu Nyoman Hariani 
    Program Studi Ilmu Gizi, Fakultas Kesehatan, Sain,dan Teknologi, Universitas Dhyana Pura, Bali, Indonesia
  2. Ni Putu Eny Sulistyadewi 
    Program Studi Ilmu Gizi, Fakultas Kesehatan, Sain,dan Teknologi, Universitas Dhyana Pura, Bali, Indonesia
  3. I Gusti Ayu Wita Kusumawati 
    Program Studi Ilmu Gizi, Fakultas Kesehatan, Sain,dan Teknologi, Universitas Dhyana Pura, Bali, Indonesia