Copper Accumulation on Avicennia marina In Tapak, Tugurejo, Semarang, Indonesia

Nana Kariada Tri Martuti, Budi Widianarko, Bambang Yulianto


DOI: https://doi.org/10.12777/wastech.4.1.40-45

Abstract


Mangroves are good hyperaccumulators, they are not only able to grow on highly poisonous land, but also accumulate the poisonous substances in the branches and leaves. The aim of the research was to evaluate the bioaccumulation of Cu on Avicennia marina in Tapak Semarang. Tapak Semarang is selected as the research site because the mangrove ecosystem is surrounded by milkfish ponds. The research used ecological approach. Bioaccumulation data and heavy metal translocation in plants, sediment and water were analyzed using pre-determined formulation. Results showed that Cu was found in water (0.0069 mg/l), sediment (26.760-37.889 mg/Kg), roots (2.336-7.997 mg/Kg), young leaves (2.367-6.604 mg/Kg) and old leaves (1.080-6.748 mg/Kg) of Avicennia marina. Sediment have the highest ability to accumulate Cu ( ) compared to water with concentration factors of ranging from 3878.26 to 5491.16. The Bioconcentration Factor (BCF) of roots and sediment was ranging from 0.09 to 0.211, and the Translocation Factors (TF) for young leaves was ranging from 0.83 to 1.54 and for old leaves was ranging from 0.46 to 0.94. It was found that the concentration of Cu in the pond tended to increase towards the sea. It was concluded that there was an accumulation of Cu in the sediment, roots and leaves of Avicennia marina in Tapak, Tugurejo Semarang. The sediment have the highest ability to accumulate Cu from the environment.


Keywords


accumulation, Avicennia marina, BCF, Cu, TF

Full Text:

FULL TEXT PDF

References


Dinas Kelautan dan Perikanan. (2010). Pemetaan Potensi, Kerusakan dan Model Rehabilitasi Kawasan Pesisir Kota Semarang. Pemerintah Kota Semarang.

Dinas Kelautan dan Perikanan. (2010). Perikanan Dalam Angka. Pemerintah Kota Semarang.

Collen, J.D., Atkinson, J.E.; and Patterson, J.E.. 2011. Trace Metal Partitioning in a Nearshore Tropical Environment: Geochemistry of Carbonate Reef Flats Adjacent to Suva Harbor, Fiji Islands. Pacific Science 65 (1) :95–107.

Gautier, D., Amador, J and Newmark, F. (2001). The use of mangrove wetland as a biofilter to treat shrimp pond effluents: preliminary results of an experiment on the Caribbean coast of Colombia. Aquaculture Research 32 (10): 787–799.

Gautier, D. 2002. The Integration of Mangrove and Shrimp Farming: A Case Study on the Caribbean Coast of Colombia. Report prepared under the World Bank, NACA, WWF and FAO Consortium Program on Shrimp Farming and the Environment. Work in Progress for Public Discussion. Published bythe Consortium. pp: 26.

Jime´nez, M. F.S and Osuna, F.P. (2001). Distribution and Normalization of Heavy Metal Concentrations in Mangrove and Lagoonal Sediment from Mazatla´n Harbor (SE Gulf of California). Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 53: 259–274

Jonathan, M. P., Sarkar, S.K., Roy, P.D., Alam, M.A., Chatterjee, M., Bhattacharya , B.D., Bhattacharya, A. and Satpathy, K.K. 2010. Acid leachable trace metals in sediment cores from Sunderban Mangrove Wetland, India: an approach towards regular Monitoring. Ecotoxicology 19: 405–418.

Kr´bek, B., Mihaljevic, M., Sracek, O., Kne´sl, I., Ettler, V and Nyambe, I. 2011. The Extent of Arsenic and of Metal Uptake by Aboveground Tissues of Pteris vittata and Cyperus involucratus Growing in Copper- and Cobalt-Rich Tailings of the Zambian Copperbelt. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 61:228–242.

Kartikasari, V., Tandjung, S.D dan Sunarto. (2002). Akumulasi Logam Berat Cr dan Pb Pada Tumbuhan Mangrove Avicennia marina Di Muara Sungai Babon Perbatasan Kota Semarang dan Kabupaten Demak Jawa Tengah. Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan, Vol. IX No. 3. Hal. 137-147.

Kumar, N.J.I., Sajish, P.R., Kumar, R.N., George, B and Viyol, S. 2011. Bioaccumulation of Lead, Zinc and Cadmium in Avicennia marina Mangrove Ecosystem near Narmada Estuary in Vamleshwar, West Coast of Gujarat, India. Journal International. Environmental Application & Science, 6 (1): 008-013.

Kulkarni V.A., Jagtap, T.G., N.M and Naik, A.N. (2010). Biological and environmental characteristics of mangrove habitats from Manori creek, West Coast, India. Environ Monit Assess 168:587–596.

Kusumastuti,W, Hendrarto, B , Sutrisnanto, D. (2011). Evaluasi Lahan Basah Buatan Vegetasi Mangrove Dalam Mengurangi Pencemaran Lingkungan. Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan, Vol 9 (2): 69-74.

MacFarlane, G.R; Pulkownik, A and Burchett, M.D. (2003). Accumulation and distribution of heavy metals in the grey mangrove, Avicennia marina (Forsk.)Vierh.: biological indication potential.Environmental Pollution 123 : 139–151.

MacFarlane, G.R; Koller, C.E and Blomberg, S.P. (2007). Accumulation and partitioning of heavy metals in mangroves: A synthesis of field-based studies. Chemosphere 69 : 1454–1464

Martuti, N.K.T. (2012). Analisis Logam Berat Pb dan Cu Pada Bandeng di Tambak Wilayah Tapak, Semarang. Laporan Penelitian. Universitas Negeri Semarang.

Mulyadi, E., Laksmono, R., Aprianti, D. (2009). Fungsi Mangrove Sebagai Pengendali Pencemar Logam Berat. Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Lingkungan; 1 (Edisi Khusus) 33-39.

Anugerah, N. (1987). Laut Nusantara. Penerbit Djambatan, Jakarta

Nybaken. J.W. (1992). Biologi Laut: Suatu Pendekatan Ekologis. PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama. Jakarta.

Obasohan, E. E. (2008). Bioaccumulation of chromium, copper, maganese, nickel and lead in a freshwater cichlid, hemichromis fasciatus from Ogba River in Benin City, Nigeria. African Journal of General Agriculture 4 (3): 141-152.

Priyanto, B dan Prayitno, J. (2007). Fitoremediasi sebagai Sebuah Teknologi Pemulihan Pencemaran, Khususnya Logam Berat. Error! Hyperlink reference not valid.. diakses tanggal 15 Februari 2013.

Saenger, P and McConchie, D. (2004). Heavy metals in mangroves: methodology, monitoring and management. Envis Forest Bulletin 4: 52-62

Setyawan, A.D dan K. Winarno. (2006). Pemanfaatan Langsung Ekosistem Mangrove di Jawa Tengah dan Penggunaan Lahan di Sekitarnya; Kerusakan dan Upaya Restorasinya. Jurnal Biodiversitas; 7 (3) : 282-291.

Silva, L. F. F., W. Machado, W., Filh, S. D. L. and Lacerda, L. D. (2003). Mercury Accumulation in Sediment of a Mangrove Ecosystem in SE Brazil. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 145: 67–77

Sinha, S. (1999). Accumulation of Cu, Cd, Cr, Mn and Pb from artificially contaminated soil by Bacopa Monnieri. J. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 57 (3): 253-264

Tam N.F.Y and Wong, Y.S. (1996). Retention and distribution of heavy metals in mangrove soils receiving wastewater. Journal Environmental Pollution 94: 283-291

Tam, N.F.Y and Yao, M.W.Y. (1997). Normalisation And Heavy Metal Contamination In Mangrove. The Science of The Total Environment Vol 216 : 33-39

Tam, N.F.Y and Wong, Y.S. (1999). Mangrove soils in removing pollutants from municipal wastewater of different salinities. Journal of Environmental Quality. 28 (2): 556-564.

Tam, N.F.Y and Wong, Y.S. (2000). Spatial variation of heavy metals in surface sediment of Hong Kong mangrove swamps. Environmental Pollution 110 : 195-205

Yusuf, M dan Handoyo, G. (2004). Dampak Pencemaran Terhadap Kualitas Perairan dan Strategi Adaptasi Organisme Makrobenthos di Perairan Pulau Tirangcawang Semarang. Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan; 9 (1): 12-42.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Published by Waste Resources Research Center (WRRC), Diponegoro University - Indonesia
   
 
WasTech by http://ejournal.undip.ac.id/index.php/wastech is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0.