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Catalytic Hydrogenation of Levulinic Acid in Water into g-Valerolactone over Bulk Structure of Inexpensive Intermetallic Ni-Sn Alloy Catalysts

*Rodiansono Rodiansono  -  Department of Chemistry, Lambung Mangkurat University, Jl. A. Yani Km 36, Banjarbaru,, Indonesia
Maria Dewi Astuti  -  Department of Chemistry, Lambung Mangkurat University, Jl. A. Yani Km 36, Banjarbaru,, Indonesia
Abdul Ghofur  -  Department of Environmental Engineering, Lambung Mangkurat University, Jl. A. Yani Km 35.6 Banjarbaru, Indonesia
Kiky C. Sembiring  -  Research Centre for Chemistry, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Puspiptek Serpong, Tangerang, Indonesia

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A bulk structure of inexpensive intermetallic nickel-tin (Ni-Sn) alloys catalysts demonstrated highly selective in the hydrogenation of levulinic acid in water into g-valerolactone. The intermetallic Ni-Sn catalysts were synthesized via a very simple thermochemical method from non-organometallic precursor at low temperature followed by hydrogen treatment at 673 K for 90 min. The molar ratio of nickel salt and tin salt was varied to obtain the corresponding Ni/Sn ratio of 4.0, 3.0, 2.0, 1.5, and 0.75. The formation of Ni-Sn alloy species was mainly depended on the composition and temperature of H2 treatment. Intermetallics Ni-Sn that contain Ni3Sn, Ni3Sn2, and Ni3Sn4 alloy phases are known to be effective heterogeneous catalysts for levulinic acid hydrogenation giving very excellence g-valerolactone yield of >99% at 433 K, initial H2 pressure of 4.0 MPa within 6 h. The effective hydrogenation was obtained in H2O without the formation of by-product. Intermetallic Ni-Sn(1.5) that contains Ni3Sn2 alloy species demonstrated very stable and reusable catalyst without any significant loss of its selectivity. © 2015 BCREC UNDIP. All rights reserved.

Received: 26th February 2015; Revised: 16th April 2015; Accepted: 22nd April 2015


How to Cite: Rodiansono, R., Astuti, M.D., Ghofur, A., Sembiring, K.C. (2015). Catalytic Hydrogenation of Levulinic Acid in Water into g-Valerolactone over Bulk Structure of Inexpensive Intermetallic Ni-Sn Alloy Catalysts. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 10 (2): 192-200. (doi:10.9767/bcrec.10.2.8284.192-200)



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Keywords: intermetallic nickel tin; Ni3Sn; Ni3Sn2; Ni3Sn4; levulinic acid; g-valerolactone; hydrogenation
Funding: Kemenristek for financial support

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