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SISTEM KONTROL SUHU AIR MENGGUNAKAN PENGENDALI PID. DAN VOLUME AIR PADA TANGKI PEMANAS AIR BERBASIS ARDUINO UNO

*Adiel Megido  -  Program Studi Diploma III Teknik Elektro, Indonesia
Eko Ariyanto  -  Program Studi Diploma III Teknik Elektro, Indonesia

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Abstract

Adiel Megido, Eko Ariyanto  in this paper explain that the temperature control system on water heaters that use electric heaters, generally uses ON-OFF voltage control. Apart from this system being less efficient in using electricity, the limited range of voltage settings provided also lacks the output accuracy value required by the control system. So that for some applications it can cause a response to the temperature control system that oscillates. Another alternative in controlling the heating voltage is by using the PID control method (Proportional - Integral - Derifative), this method provides a wider range of voltage settings, so that it can provide the output accuracy value needed by the control system, thus making it possible to obtain system responses finer (minimum oscillation amplitude). In addition to problems with the temperature control system, the water volume control system in the water heater tank generally still uses probes that are installed at certain levels. The limitations in reading each change in height / volume of water causes the system output to be less linear (discrete). To produce linear readings and outputs in each change in water volume, a voltage divider can be used. In this final project design will use an electric water heater tank as a medium to determine the ability of the PID controller to control water temperature according to the set-point and control the height / volume of water in the tank using a voltage divider.

 

Keywords : PID (Proporsional – Integral – Derifatif), Berosilasi, Set-point


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