skip to main content


Faculty of Humanities, Diponegoro University, Indonesia

Received: 17 Sep 2020; Revised: 1 Dec 2020; Accepted: 4 Dec 2020; Available online: 15 Dec 2020; Published: 15 Dec 2020.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2020 HUMANIKA under

Citation Format:

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the theme of free choices and their relation to the stated consequences embodied in the two short stories, one by W.W. Jacobs entitled The Monkey’s Paw and another one by Richard Matheson entitled Button, Button. The analysis focuses on four aspects; namely, the situational triggers of the free choices, the gripping conflicts in the free choices, the ethical consequences, and the purpose of the twisted endings. The concepts borrowed to support the analysis are the concepts concerning situational choices, morality types, and ethical consequences. The research methods applied in the analysis are the combination of the library research, the textual method enriched with the relevant contexts in order to completely dig out the proposed problems The results of the discussion show that every free choice taken under whatever reason will lead to the stated consequence whether it is unbelievable or impossible. The superstitious atmosphere in The Monkey’s Paw and the mysterious atmosphere in the Button, Button, all lead to the inevitability to avoid the temptation to choose resulting in the disastrous consequences.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: choices; morality types; consequences; twisted endings

Article Metrics:

  1. Beard, Adrian. (2001). Texts and
  2. Contexts. Introducing literature
  3. and language study. London:
  4. Routledge
  5. Remak, Henry H. (1961). Comparative
  6. Literature, Its Definition and Function. Comparative Literature: Method and Perspective. Stallknecht, Newton P. and Frenz, Horst (eds.). Kingsport, Tenn.: Kingsport Press, Inc., pp. 3-37
  7. Krosch, Amy R.; Figner, Bernd; Weber,
  8. Elke U. Choice processes and their post-decisional consequences in morally conflicting decisions. Judgment and Decision Making, Vol. 7, No. 3, May 2012, pp. 224–234
  9. Bonde, et all. (2013). Making Choices:
  10. a Framework for Making Ethical
  11. Decisions. Retrieved from
  12. accessed May 18, 2020
  13. Hill, Chazda. (2017). The 10 Types of
  14. Plot Twists. Retrieved from
  15. accessed May 23, 2020
  16. Gert, Bernard. (2020). The Definition of
  17. Morality. Stanford Encyclopedia
  18. of Philosophy
  21. es/morality-definition/accessed
  22. November 28, 2020
  23. Jacobs, W.W. (2019). The Monkey’s
  24. Paw. global
  25. Levin, Jonathan and Milgrom, Paul
  26. (2004). Introduction to Choice Theory
  27. ( accessed May 23, 2020)
  28. Mateson, Richard. Button, Button
  29. accessed May 13, 2020. Pp. 103-111
  30. The Nature of Morality and Moral
  31. Theories. Retrieved from
  32. accessed May 21, 2020
  34. W-W-Jacobs accessed May 21,
  36. chard-Matheson accessed May
  37. , 2020)

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2024-07-16 01:14:30

No citation recorded.