Feasibility of marine renewable energies in African coastal countries

*Wei Haur Lam orcid scopus  -  School of Civil Engineering, Tianjin University, China
Stephen Oppong  -  , Ghana
Received: 10 Nov 2020; Published: 4 Jan 2021.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2020 The Authors. Published by Centre of Biomass and Renewable Energy (CBIORE)
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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Africa has 38 coastal countries with a population of 895,609,564 persons with potential to harness energy from ocean. These coastal countries are: Madagascar, South Africa, Mozambique, Angola, Namibia, Mauritius, Republic of Congo and Democratic Republic of Congo in Southern Africa with 25.31% population; Somalia, Eritrea, Tanzania, Sudan, Kenya, Seychelles, Comoros and Djibouti in Eastern Africa with 17.58% population; Egypt, Morocco, Libya, Tunisia and Algeria in Northern Africa with 20.96% population; Cape Verde, Gabon, Nigeria, Mauritania, Liberia, Ghana, Senegal, Cote d’Ivoire, Cameroon, Sierra Leone, Guinea Bissau, Guinea, Equatorial Guinea, Sao Tome and Principe, Benin, Gambia and Togo with population of 35.15%. Offshore wind, offshore solar, Tidal power, Wave energy, Salinity gradient, Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) are discussed with opportunities and challenges.

Keywords: Africa, coastal countries, marine renewable energy
Funding: Wei Haur Lam, Tianjin University

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