A Study of Local Rice Cultivars from Krayan Grown in Tidal Swam Area

Rusdiansyah Rusdiansyah, Tjatjuk Subiono

DOI: https://doi.org/10.12777/ijse.6.2.131-134


The research was conducted in tidal swamp area of Tuak river, Paser Regency. The objective of the research was to obtain rice cultivar with high adaptability and yield grown in tidal swamp area. The study used four local rice cultivars of Krayan i.e. Nanung, Kelabit, Black Adan and White Adan. As a comparison, Yellow Serai was used. The rice was seeded in 5 x 7 m plot with a planting distance of 30 x 30 cm and 1 seed per planting hole. The treatment was replicated three times in a randomized block design. The result showed that all the four cultivars of Krayan had higher height than Yellow Serai. Nanung was found to be the most tolerant cultivar to salinity and the most adaptable in tidal swamp area. Nanung also produced the highest number of rough rice, the highest yield of weight per 1000 grains, the highest yield of weight of milled rice/ha and the least percentage of empty rough rice/panicle i.e. 182 grains, 29.35 g, 4.20 t/ha, and 15%, respectively.


study; local rice; tidal swamp area

Full Text:



. Aswidinnoor,H.,M. Sabran, Masganti and Susilawati, 2008. Development of new cultivar of high yielding rice and ratoon grown in tidal swamp area in Kalimantan to support two times harvesting a year. LPPM, IPB Bogor. 30 h.

. Ifansyah, H. and B.J. Priatmadi. 2003. Nitrogen availability in tidal swamp area planted by local rice without fertilization. J. Tanah Tropika (16): 87-96.

. Ismunadji, M. 1990. Alleviating iron toxicity in lowland rice. Indonesian Agric. Res. And Development J. 12 (4): 67-72.

. Makarim, K., O. Sudarman and H. Supriadi. 1989. Nutrient status of rice plant in the area affected Fe toxic in Batumara, South Sumatera. Penelitian Pertanian 9 (4): 166-170.

. Rahmawati, 2006. Status of genetic development and improvement of rice using Agrobacterium transformation technique. Agrobiogen 2: 364-375.

. Rusdiansyah, 2003. In-situ exploration and identification of the diversity of local rice cultivar in Krayan sub district, Nunukan district, East Kalimantan. Faculty of Agriculture, University of Mulawarman (unpublished).

. Sari, H.C., S. Darmanti and E.D. Hastuti. 2006. The growth of “emprit” ginger (Zingiber officinale var. Rubrun) planted at sandy medium with different salinity level. Bul. Anatomi dan Fisiologi 14 (2): 19-29.

. Sarwani, M., M. Noer and Masganti. Potency, constraint, and opportunity of tidal swamp area in the perspective of food crop development. In Water management and productivity of tidal swamp area. Office of Food Crop Research, Banjarbaru.

. Sembiring, H. and A. Gani. 2006. Adaptability of rice on tsunami affected soil. http://www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/data/assets/pdf_file/0009/ 199449/Adaptability-of-rice-on-tsunami-affected-soil.pdf.

. Sipayung, R. 2006. Salt stress and tolerant mechanism of a plant. Hayati (5): 18-20.

. Suhartini, T. 2001. The role of rice cultivar diversity in increasing productivity of area affected Fe toxicity. Bul. Agron. 29 (2): 35-39.

. Sunarto. 2001. Soybean tolerance to salinity. Bul. Agron. 29 (1): 27-30

. Suwarno and S. Solahuddin. 1983. Cultivar tolerance of rice to salinity during germination stage. Bul. Agron. 14 (3): 1-15.

. Suwarno, 1985. Inheritance and physiology of salinity tolerance characteristic in rice plant. Dissertation of Graduate School, IPB, Bogor. 87 h.

. Virmani, S.S. 1977. Varietal tolerance of rice to Iron toxicity in Liberia. Intern. Rice Res. Newsl. 2 (1): 4-5.

. Widjaja-Adhi, I.P.G. and T. Alihamsyah. 1998. The development of tidal swamp area: potency, opportunity, constrain and technology for agriculture. In the Seminar Proceeding of Soil Science, East Java.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Published by Department of Chemical Engineering University of Diponegoro Semarang
Google Scholar

IJSE  by http://ejournal.undip.ac.id/index.php/ijse is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.