The Autonomous Development Strategies of Micro and Small Entrepreneurs Through Coorporate Social Responsibility in Bogor District of West Java

Faizal Maad, Sumardjo Sumardjo, Amiruddin Saleh, Pudji Muljono



The objective  of this  reseach were to: (1) analyze the level of autonomous of mikro and small entreprise (SMEs) entrepreneurs are empowered through Coorporate Social Responsibility (CSR); (2) analyze the dominant factors that influence autonomous of MSEs entrepreneurs  are empowered through CSR;  and (3) formulate an appropriate  a strategy  in developing autonomy of MSEs entrepreneurs through CSR. The reseach  was conduct  in the village built two companies running CSR in Bogor district involved 212  (SMEs) entrepreneurs which determined from population (450 SMEs entrepreneurs) by Solvin formula with level of error 5 % and drawn by cluster random sampling. Data collection was conducted from July to November 2013, and consisted  the primary and secondary data. Data analysis was simulated by using structural equation model (SEM ). The results showed that the degree  of autonomous MSEs entrepreneurs is low, its core was 36.89 out of 100.00. There are three strategies that must be done to develop of  autonomous MSEs entrepreneurs through  CSR, such as; (a) an increase the empowerment sustainable of MSEs entrepereneurs (b) improve the quality of  the environment  supporting MSEs and (c) an increase in intensity of  empowerment for MSEs entrepreneurs.


autonomous, coorporate social responsibility, empowerment, empowerment sustainable, micro-and small-entreprises entrepreneurs

Full Text:



Amran, A., Zain MM, Sulaiman M, Sarker T and Ooi SK. 2013. Empowering Society for Better Social Responsibility (CSR) : The Case Malaysia. Journal Kajian Malaysia, Vol.31, No.1, 2013, 57-78.

Ayanda, A.M. and Laraba, A.S. 2011. Small and Medium Scale Enterprises as A Survival Strategy for Employment Generation in Negeria. Journal of Sustainable Development. Vol.4, No.1, February 2011, pp. 200-202.

Covey, S.R. 2013. The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People (7 Kebiasaan Manusia yang Sangat Efektif). Edisi Revisi. Lyndon Saputra. Penerjemah. Jakarta [ID]: PT. Binarupa Aksara.

Cartwright, D. and A Zander. 1968. Groups Dynamic: Research and Theory. Third Edition. New York-London [US-ENG]: Harper and Row Publisher.

Damanik, I.P.N, Amanah S, Madanijah dan Prabowo, T. 2013. Factors Affecting Women’s Capacities as Traditional Sago Starch Processors in Maluku, Indonesia. International Journal of Science: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR). Vol.12, No.1, pp 133-140.

[DJPK Kemenkeu] Dirjen Perimbangan Keuangan Kementerian Keuangan Republik Indonesia. 2013. Review of Economics and Finance of West Java Province. Retrieved from: JAWA%20BARAT.pdf[accessed February 14, 2014].

Effendi F and Subandi S. 2010. Problems Faced by SMEs in the face of ACFTA of Various Aspects of Business. Infokop. Vol.18-July 2010, pp. 23-39.

Greguras, GJ and Diefendorff JM. 2010. Why Does Proactive Personality Predict Employee Life Satisfaction and Work Behaviors? A field Investigation of the Mediating Role of the Self-Concordance Model. Personnel Psychology, 63, 539 560.

Ife J. 2002. Community Development. Ed. 2th. French Forest. New South Wales [AU]: Pearson Education Australia.

Ife J dan Treseirero F. 2008. Community Development : Alternative Community Development in the Era of Globalization. Translated by Sastrawan Manullang, Nurul Yakin dan M.Nursyahid. Yogyakarta [ID]. Pustaka Pelajar.

Jasra JM, Khan MA, Hunjra AI, Rehman RZU, Azam RI. 2010. Determinants of Business Succes of Small and Medium Enterprises. International Journal of Business and Social Science. Vol.2, No.20, November 2010, pp. 274-280.

Juggernant S, Rampersad R and Reddy K. 2011. Coorporate Responsibility for Socio-Economic Transformation: A Focus on Broad-Based Black Economic Empowerment and Its Implementation in South Africa. African Journal of Business Management, Vol. 5(20), 16 September 2011, pp.8224-8234.

Kartasasmita G. 1997. Community Empowerment: Concept Development Rooted in Community. Papers in Development Studies Postgraduate Institute of Technology Bandung [ID]: Bandung Institute of Technology.

Mardikanto T. 2009. Agricultural Extension Systems. Surakarta [ID]. Lembaga Pengembangan Pendidikan and UNS Press.

Marliati. 2008. Farmer Empowerment For Fulfillment Capacity and Independence Farmers Beragribisnis (Case Kampar district in Riau Province). [Dissertation]. Bogor [ID]: Postgraduate School of Bogor Agricultural University.

Muritala TA, AM Awolaja, YA Bako. 2012. Impact of Small and Medium Enterprises on Economic Growth and Development. American Journal of Business and Managemen, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 18-22, 2012.

[Pemkab] Pemerintah Kabupaten Bogor. 2011. Changes in the Medium Term Development Plan Bogor Regency 2008-2013. Bogor [ID]: Pemda Kabupaten Bogor


Rachman NM, Efendi A and E. Wicaksana 2011. Complete Guide to Planning Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Jakarta [ID]: Jakarta.

Sadono D. 2012. Models of Farmer Empowerment in the Management of Rice Farming in Karawang and Cianjur, West Java Province. [Dissertation]. Bogor [ID]: Postgraduate School of Bogor Agricultural University.

Sevilla CG, Jesus AO, Twila GP, Bell PR, GU Gabriel. , 1993. Introduction to Research Methods. Translation by Alimudin Tuwu. Jakarta [ID]: UI-Press.

Slamet M. 2003. Empowerment. Inside, Ida Yustina and Adjat Sudrajat, editors. Shaping the Development of Human Behavior. Bogor [ID]: IPB Press

Suharto E., 2005. Building Society, Empowering People: Building Strategic Studies Social Welfare and Social Work. Bandung [ID]: Relika Aditama.

CSR dan COMDEV: CSR and COMDEV: Creative Investment Company in the Era of Globalization. Bandung [ID]: Alfabeta.

Sulistiyani AT. 2004. . Partnership and Empowerment models. Yogyakarta [ID]: Gaya Media.

Sumardjo. , 1999. Transforming Agricultural Extension Model Development Towards Independence Farmers (Case in West Java). [Dissertation]. Bogor [ID]: Postgraduate School Programs of Bogor Agricultural University.

------------ 2012. Review Reflection Extension Models and Outreach Innovation Future. Papers in the National Seminar on Building a Future Fair Extension and Welfare in Bogor [ID], February 22, 2012

Sumaryo. 2011. Corporate Social Responsibility and Empowerment Level Home Economics. Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 12, No.2, December 2011, pp. 272-280

Tambunan T 2013. ASEAN Economic Community 2015: Opportunities and Challenges for SMEs in Indonesia. Policy Paper, No. March 15, 2013. Results Thought Advocacy Team Active Indonesian Chamber of Commerce Program. Jakarta [ID]. Team Active Indonesian Chamber of Commerce Advocacy Program.

Tastan B. 2013. The Influences of Participative Organizational Climate and Self-Leadership on Innovative Behaviour and the Roles of Job Involment and Proactive Personality: A Survey in the Context of SMEs in Izmir. Journal Social and Behaviorial Sciences 75 (2013) 407-419.

Utami HN. 2007. Empowerment, Progress, and Business Continuity Craftsmen: Cases in Magetan and Sidoarjo regency of East Java province. [Dissertation]. Bogor [ID]: Postgraduate School of Bogor Agricultural University.

Van den Ban AW and Hawkins HS. 1999. Agricultural Extension. Yogyakarta [ID]. Publisher Canisius.

Published by Department of Chemical Engineering University of Diponegoro Semarang
Google Scholar

IJSE  by is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.