GROWTH PERFORMANCE AND MINERAL STATUS ON GOATS (Capra hircus Linn.) SUPPLEMENTED WITH ZINC PROTEINATE AND SELENIUM YEAST

Maharani Aditia, Sunarso Sunarso, C.C. Sevilla, A.A. Angeles


DOI: https://doi.org/10.12777/ijse.7.2.124-129

Abstract


Twenty two (22) doelings weighing 7.86 ± 2.12 kg were grouped into 6 weight classes in a feeding trial to determine the effects of dietary zinc proteinate and selenium yeast on mineral status and growth performance. The Zn-supplemented groups received 200 mg additional Zn daily from chelated Zn proteinate, an insoluble powder containing 15% elemental Zn. Se-supplemented groups received 3 mg Se from Se yeast consisting mainly of selenomethionine (63%). The four (4) dietary treatments were as follows: T1 : 0 mg Zn + 0 mg Se; T2: 0 mg Zn + 3 mg Se; T3 : 200 mg Zn + 0 mg Se. T4: 200 mg Zn/head + 3 mg Se/head. The experiment was conducted in a 2 x 2 factorial design in RCBD. Napier grass used in the trial contained 89.03 ppm Zn, while the mixture of corn-soybean oil meal had Zn content 49.73 ppm. Supplementation of Zn and Se in the diets composed of 60% Napier and 40% soya-corn mix had no effect on dry matter intake, body weight gain, and feed efficiency. Giving 200 mg Zn/head tends to increase (P<0.05) the Zn concentration in the blood of doelings among the levels of Se. Percent digestibility of Zn decreased with Zn supplementation at 200 mg. Percent apparent digestibility of Zn tends to be higher in animals without mineral supplementation. Results indicate that Zn and Se supplementation did not affect growth performance. Zn supplementation increased blood Zn concentration, but did not affect digestibility of Zn.

Full Text:

FULL TEXT PDF

References


Sunarso. 2003. Pakan ruminansia dalam sistem integrasi ternak-pertanian (Pidato pengukuhan Guru Besar Universitas Diponegoro tanggal 10 September 2003). Badan Penerbit Universitas Diponegoro Semarang.

Sunarso. 2013. The effect of king grass silage on the nitrogen balance and hematological profile of Ettawa grade male goat. Internat. J. of Sci. and Eng. 3 (1):13-16.

Mayulu, H., S. Sunarso, C. Imam Sutrisno and Sumarsono. 2012. The effects of amofer palm oil waste-based complete feed to blood profiles and liver function on local sheep. Internat. J. of Sci. and Eng. 3(1):17-21

Mayulu, H., Sunarso, S., Christiyanto, M. and Ballo, F. 2013. Intake and digestibility of cattle’s ration on complete feed based-on fermented ammonization rice straw with different protein level. Internat. J. of Sci. and Eng. 4(2):86-91.

Mawati, S., S. Soedarsono, S. Sunarso and A. Purnomoadi. (2013). The effects of different energy and ratio to sheep’s nutrient intake and digestibility. Internat. J. of Sci. and Eng. 4(2):76-79.

Solaiman, S.G., C.E. Shoemaker, G.H. D’andrea. 2006. The effect of high dietary Cu on health, growth performance, and Cu status in young goats. Small Rum. Res. 66:85-91.

Underwood, E.J. and N. F. Suttle.1999. The Mineral Nutrition of Livestock. CABI Publishing. New York, USA.

Solaiman, S. G. 2010. Goat Science and Production. Blackwell Publishing. USA.

Engle, T.E. 2007. The Role of Trace Minerals in Immunity and Lipid Metabolism in Cattle. Animal Science Dept. of Colorado State University.

National Research Council (NRC). 2005. Mineral Tolerance of Animal. National Academies Press. USA.

Solomon, N.W. 1993. Zinc encyclopedia of food science, food technology and nutrition. Vol 7. London. 49 : 80-94

Stanton, T. L., J.C. Whittier, T.W. Geary, C.V. Kimberling and A.B. Johnson. 2000. Effects of trace mineral supplementation on cow-calf performance, reproduction, and immune function. Prof. Anim. Sci. 16:121–127.

Uchida. K., P. Mandebvu, C.S. Ballard, C.J. Sniffen and M.P Carter. 2001. Effect of feeding combination of Zn, manganese, copper amino acid complexes, and cobalt glucoheptonate on performance of early lactation high producing dairy cattle. Anim. Feed Sci. and Tech. 93:193-203

Griffiths, L.M., S.H. Loeffler, M.T. Socha, D.J. Tomlinson and A.B. Johnson. 2007. Effects of supplementing complexed zinc, manganese, copper and cobalt on lactation and reproductive performance of intensively grazed lactating dairy cattle on the south island of New Zealand. Anim. Feed Sci. and Tech. 137:69-83

Meschy, F. 2000. Recent progress in the assesment of mineral requirements of goats. Livestock Prod. Sci. 64 : 9-14.

Haenlein, G. F.W. and M. Anke. 2011. Mineral and trace element research in goats: a review. Small Rum. Res. 95 : 2-19.

Kearl, L.C. 1982. Nutrient Requirements of Ruminants in Developing Countries. Internationals Feedstuff Institute. Utah Agric Exp. Station. Utah State University Logan Utah, 84332, USA.

Gomez, K.A. and A.A. Gomez. 1984. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. New York.

National Research Council (NRC). 1983. Underutilized Resources as Animal Feedstufs. National Academies Press. USA.

Pal, D.T., N.K.S. Gowda, C.S. Prasad, R. Amarnath, U. Bharadwaj, G. Sureshbabu and K.T. Sampath. 2010. Effect of copper- and zinc-methionine supplementation on bioavailability, mineral status and tissue concentrations of copper and Zn in ewes. J. of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology. 24:89–94.

Arthington, J. D. and F.M. Pate. 2002. Effect of corn- vs molasses-based supplements on trace mineral status in beef heifers. J. Anim. Sci. 80 :2787-2791.

Minson, D. J. 1990. Forage in Ruminant Nutrition. Academic Press, Inc,. San Diego, USA.

National Research Council (NRC). 1981. Nutrient Requirements of Goats. National Academies Press. USA.

National Research Council (NRC). 2007. Nutrient Requirements of Small Ruminants. National Academies Press. USA.

Nugroho, D., S. Sunarso, C.S. Sevilla and A.A. Angeles. (2014). The Effects of dietary neutral detergent fiber ratio from forage and concentrate on the dietary rumen degradability and growth performance of Philippine native goats (Capra hircus Linn.). Internat. J. of Sci. and Eng. 6 (1):75-80.

Mandal, G. P., R.S. Dass, D.P. Isore, A.K. Garg and G.C. Ram. (2007). Effect of Zn supplementation from two sources on growth, nutrient utilization and immune response in male crossbred cattle (bos Indicus x bos Taurus) bulls. Anim. Feed Sci and Tech. 138 (1) : 1-12.

Jia, W. B., Z. H. Jia, W. Zhang, R. L. Wang, S. W. Zhang and X. P. Zhu. 2008. Effects of dietary zinc on performance, nutrient digestibility and plasma zinc status in Cashmere goats. Small Rum. Res. 80:68-72.

Puchala, R., T. Sahlu and J.J. Davis. 1999. Effects of Zn-methionine on performance of Angora goats. Small. Rum. Res. 33 : 1-8.

Garg, A.K., V. Mugdal and R.S. Dass. 2008. Effect of organic zinc supplementation on growth, nutrient utilization and mineral profile in lambs. Anim Feed Sci. and Tech. 144: 82–96.

Ryan, J.P., P. Kearns, and T. Quinn. 2002. Bioavailability of dietary copper and zn in adult texel sheep: a comparative study of the effects of sulfate and bioplex supplementation. Irish Vet. J. 55 : 221–224.

Lőnnerdal, B. 2000. Dietary factors influencing zinc absorption. American Society for Nutritional Sci. 130: 1378S-1383S.

Miller, W. J. (1970). Zn nutrition of cattle : a review. J Dairy Sci. 53:1123-1135

Reid, R.L., G.A. Jung, W.L. Stout, Ranney, and S. Teal, 1987. Effect of varying Zn concentrations on quality of alfalfa for lambs. J. Anim. Sci. 64 : 1735–1742.

Spears, J.W. 2003. Trace mineral bioavailability in ruminants. J. Nutr. 133: 1506S–1509S.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Published by Department of Chemical Engineering University of Diponegoro Semarang
Google Scholar

IJSE  by http://ejournal.undip.ac.id/index.php/ijse is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.