Aldes Lesbani, Ema Veronika Turnip, Risfidian Mohadi, Nurlisa Hidayati



Abstract- Study adsorption desorption of manganese(II) using impregnated chitin-cellulose as adsorbent has been carried out. Chitin was extracted from snail shell and cellulose isolated from rice straw. Chitin and cellulose were impregnated using thiourea as impregnant agent. Characterization of chitin and cellulose was performed using FTIR spectroscopy, determination of water content, and ash content, while impregnated chitin-cellulose was characterized using FTIR spectrophotometer and X-Ray diffractometer. The adsorption of Mn(II) on impregnated chitin-cellulose was studied through determination of adsorption time and the influence of Mn(II) concentration, while desorption was carried out sequentially using various reagents. The results shown that chitin and cellulose from extraction processes are has similar FTIR spectrum compared to chitin and cellulose standard. The FTIR spectrum of impregnated chitin-cellulose shows both vibration of chitin and cellulose appeared and indicated successfully impregnate. These results were also equal to XRD pattern analysis. The water and ash contents of chitin are 0.038% and 0.043 while for cellulose are 0.184% and 0.165%, respectively. The adsorption of Mn(II) on chitin and cellulose are quite similar kinetically, while adsorption of Mn(II) on impregnated chitin-cellulose is higher at the same time with chitin and cellulose. In the low concentration of Mn(II), adsorption phenomena are similar on chitin, cellulose, and impregnated chitin-cellulose. Desorption process of Mn(II) on the adsorbents shows sodium etilenediamine tetra acetate able to desorp Mn(II) up to 68% higher than other reagents.

Keywords: Manganese(II), Chitin, Cellulose, Impregnated Chitin-Cellulose


Manganese(II), Chitin, Cellulose, Impregnated Chitin-Cellulose

Full Text:



Longhinotti, E., Pozza, F., Furlan, L., Nazare, M.M., Sanchez, Klug, M., Laranjeira, M.C.M., and Favere, V.T., 1998, Adsorption of Anionic on the Biopolymer Chitin, Journal of Brazil Chemistry Society, Vol.9, No.5, 435-440.

Kartal, S. N., and Imamura, Y., 2005, Removal of Copper, Chromium, and Arsenic From CCA-Treated Wood Onto Chitin and Chitosan, Bioresource Technology, Vol. 96, No. 3, 389–392.

Yan, G., and Viraraghayan, T., 2001. Heavy Meta; Removal in a Biosorption Column by Immobilized M. Rauxil Biomass, Bioresour Technol. Vol. 78 No.3. 243-249.

O’Connell, D.W., Birkinshaw, C., O’Dwye, T. F., 2008, Heavy Metal Adsorbents Prepared From The Modification of Cellulose: a Review, Bioresour Technol , Vol. 99, No. 15, 6709-6724.

Khan, T.A., Peh, K.K., and Ching, H.S., 2002, Reporting Degree of Deacetylation of Chitosan: the Influence of Analytical Methods, Journal of Pharmaceut Science, 5(3):205-202.

Hong, N.K., Meyer, S.P., Lee, K.S., 1989, Isolation and Characterization of Chitin from Crawfish Shell Waste, Journal of Agriculture Food Chemistry, 37, 575-579.

Kumar, P. T. S,. Lakshmanan, V., Biswas, R., Nair, S., and Jayakumar, R., , 2012, Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of Chitin Hydrogel/Nano ZnO Composite Bandage as Antibacterial Wound Dressing, Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology Vol. 8, 1–10.

Terinte, N., Ibbett, R., and Schuster, C.H., 2011, Overview on Native Cellulose and Microcrystalline Cellulose I Structure Studied By X-Ray Diffraction (WAXD): Comparison Between Measurement Techniques, Lenzinger Berichte 89: 118-131.

Oscik, J., 1982, Adsorption, John Wiley, Chichester.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Published by Department of Chemical Engineering University of Diponegoro Semarang
Google Scholar

IJSE  by is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.