The impact of the local dairy cattle farm toward the river water quality in Gunungpati Subdistrict Central Java

E. Widiastuti, Kustono Kustono, Adiarto Adiarto, Nurliyani Nurliyani



People’s awareness on the living environment nowadays is not yet comes up to the dairy-farmer community. In fact, the dairy-farm subsector contributes load pollution in the form of waste. The waste that is produced by a dairy-farm can be in the form of solid waste and liquid waste. There is still no cultivation effort toward the wastes in a traditional dairy-farmyet, thus most of the wastes are disposed to the closest river, so that in the surrounding dairy farm area is frequently found pollution toward the water quality. The aim of this study is to identify the effect of environment pollution that is caused by local dairy farm in Gunungpati Sub-district, especially toward the river water and residents’ well. The result of this study in Nangkasawit Village before and after the dairy farm was build was still under the quality standard for the third rate water quality. In Plalangan Village, the water quality was also under the quality standard, except for COD concentration. In the Sumurejo Village there was an upturn tendency on the observation value, but the water quality was under the quality standard, except for Fe concentration. Based on the Biodiversity Index before and after the dairy farm was established in Nangkasawit, Plalangan, and Sumurejo were 2.22, 1.49, 2.11, 1.90, 1.78, and 1.88, respectively. It means that Nangkasawit showed no pollution before the dairy farm was established, while there was a medium pollution after the dairy farm establishment.  In Plalangan, the water was clear, but it was light polluted after the dairy farm was established. In Sumurejo, before and after the dairy farm establishment the water was light category pollution.

Full Text:



APHA. 1989. Standard Method for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. 19th Edition.Washington D.C. 60 pp.

Budi Nuryanto, D.C., 2010. Restrukturisasi sistem produksi usaha peternakan sapi perah rakyat dalam pembangunan berkelanjutan (Kasus di daerah hulu sungai Citarum). A National Seminar on Continuing Animal Science Developmet of Padjadjaran University, Bandung.

Effendi, H. 2003. The Study of Water Quality Management Resource and environmental, Kanisius Publisher, Yogyakarta.

Food and Agriculture Organization. 2004. Guide to Good Dairy farm Practice. International Dairy Federation Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. s

Hendarto, E. 1999.Waste Controlling Effort on dairy cattle farm. Animal Production 2 (1) : 63 – 74.

Lee, C.D., S.B. Wang and C.L. Kuo. 1978. Benthic Macroinvertebrates and Fish as Biological Control of Water Quality with Reference to Community Diversity Index. Water Pollution Control in Developing Countries.Asia Institute Technology. Bangkok.

Nurmayanti, 2002. Contribution of Domestic Waste Water to Water Quality Kali Garang Semarang. Program Pasca Sarjana Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta

Odum, EP., 1971. Fundamental of Ecology, 3rd. Edition, W.B. Sanders, Toronto, Canada

Wardhana, W.A. 2004. The Impact of Environmental Pollution. Andi Publisher, Yogyakarta

Published by Department of Chemical Engineering University of Diponegoro Semarang
Google Scholar

IJSE  by is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.