Agroclimatic effects on milk production and sub-clinical mastitis prevalence in dairy cattle

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/jitaa.43.4.373-382

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Article Info
Submitted: 29-05-2018
Published: 11-12-2018
Section: Articles
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The present study was done to observe effect of agroclimate on milk production and prevalence of sub-clinical mastitis of local Holstein-Friesian dairy cattle in Indonesian small holder dairy farms. The research side were located in Region of <1000 masl and ≥1000 m above sea level (asl) in west Java. Data were obtained from 133 small holder dairy farms included 336 dairy cows in normal lactation period. Parameters observed were agro-climate condition, feed consumption, milk production and milk quality, and sub-clinical mastitis prevalence. Result sowed that THI at <1000 m asl had a range of 76.1-76.7 leads to mild heat stress, while THI at ≥1000 m asl had a range of 66.2 - 66.8 which makes comfort environment to the dairy cow. Differences in feed consumption (P<0.01), milk production and quality (P<0.05) were found among two altitude study location. Milk production at ≥1000 m asl was 2.3 kg higher than at <1000 m asl. The udder health status was also different, a 51% of total sample at <1000 masl was detected sub-clinical mastitis (SCM) as high criteria, while 42% samples that were collected at ≥1000 m asl detected sub-clinical mastitis as middle criteria. In conclusion, agro-climate condition (THI) affect animal’s comfort, milk production and sub-clinical mastitis prevalence.

Keywords

agroclimate; THI; milk production; sub-clinical mastitis; dairy cattle

  1. H. Susanty  Orcid Scopus Sinta
    Graduate School , Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University Jl. Raya Dramaga, Kampus IPB Dramaga Bogor 16680, Indonesia
  2. B.P. Purwanto  Scopus Sinta
    IPB Vocational College, Bogor Agricultural University Jl. Kumbang 14 Cilibende, Bogor 16155, Indonesia
  3. M. Sudarwanto  Scopus
    Department of Animal Diseases and Veterinary Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Bogor Agricultural University Jl. Agatis, Dramaga Campus, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
  4. A. Atabany  Scopus
    Departement of Animal Production and Technology, Faculty of Animal Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University Jl. Agatis, Dramaga, Bogor 16680, Indonesia