skip to main content

THE EFFECT OF VIRGIN COCONUT OIL ON LYMPHOCYTE AND CD4 IN CHICKEN VACCINATED AGAINST Avian Influenza VIRUS

*E.Y.W. Yuniwarti  -  Department of Biology, Math and Science Faculty, Diponegoro University,, Indonesia
W. Asmara  -  Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Gadjah Mada University,, Indonesia
W.T. Artama  -  Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Gadjah Mada University,, Indonesia
C.R. Tabbu  -  Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Gadjah Mada University,, Indonesia

Citation Format:
Abstract
This research aimed to find preventing alternative of avian influenza (AI) disease in broiler chickenby increasing body immune. Lymphocyte T would directly react to antigen presented to the cell surfaceby antigen presenting cell (APC). Th-CD4 interaction functioned to maintain Th-APC bond intactduring specific antigen activation. Fatty acid in virgin coconut oil (VCO) was potential asimmunostimulant, which therefore could increase chicken immunity through the increase of lymphocyteT and Th-CD4. This research used 40 one-day-old broiler chickens. The method applied was CompletelyRandomized Factorial Design in which the first factor was two levels of vaccine, namely groups of AIvaccinated and unvaccinated. The second factor was four levels of VCO namely 0, 5, 10, 15 mL/kg feed.Day Old Chick (DOC) were divided into eight treatment groups and repeated five times. Feed and waterwere given ad libitum for four weeks. The result showed that the number of lymphocyte and Th-CD4 inchickens given 10 mL per kg feed and vaccinated with AI was higher than that in chickens given VCOwithout AI vaccine.
Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Avian influenza. broiler chicken. CD4. lymphocyte. VCO

Article Metrics:

Last update: 2021-06-21 15:28:22

  1. Herbal Medicine Additives as Powerful Agents to Control and Prevent Avian Influenza Virus in Poultry – A Review

    Annals of Animal Science, 19 (4), 2019. doi: 10.2478/aoas-2019-0043
  2. Virgin coconut oil is effective in lowering C-reactive protein levels among suspect and probable cases of COVID-19

    Imelda Angeles-Agdeppa, Jacus S. Nacis, Mario V. Capanzana, Fabian M. Dayrit, Keith V. Tanda. Journal of Functional Foods, 83 , 2021. doi: 10.1016/j.jff.2021.104557

Last update: 2021-06-21 15:28:22

  1. Effect of VCO and olive oil on HDL, LDL, and cholesterol level of hyperglycemic Rattus Rattus Norvegicus

    Wachidah Yuiwarti E.. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 127 (1), 2018. doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/1025/1/012064
  2. Herbal medicine additives as powerful agents to control and prevent avian influenza virus in poultry-A review

    Gado A.. Annals of Animal Science, 2019. doi: 10.2478/aoas-2019-0043
  3. Health benefits of virgin coconut oil

    Dumancas G.G.. Vegetable Oil: Properties, Uses and Benefits, 2016.
  4. The effect of virgin coconut oil (Vco) on the number of macrophages on post tooth extraction of wistar rats

    Kamadjaja S.S.. Biochemical and Cellular Archives, 2019. doi: 10.35124/bca.2019.19.S2.4759
  5. Bioactive monolaurin as an antimicrobial and its potential to improve the immune system and against covid-19: A review

    Subroto E.. Food Research, 4 (6), 2020. doi: 10.26656/fr.2017.4(6).324