Synthesis of ZnO/NiO Thin Film on Fluorine-doped Tin Oxide (FTO) by Two Step Electrodeposition as Photoanode of a Solar Cell

Ines Ayu Handayani  -  Chemistry Department, Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
*Abdul Haris scopus  -  Chemistry Department, Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Didik Setiyo Widodo scopus  -  Chemistry Department, Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Received: 9 Jul 2018; Revised: 22 Jul 2018; Accepted: 22 Jul 2018; Published: 31 Jul 2018.
Open Access Copyright 2018 Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi
License URL:

Citation Format:
Article Info
Section: Research Articles
Language: EN
Statistics: 860 174
Synthesis of ZnO/NiO Thin Film on Fluorine-doped Tin Oxide (FTO) by Two Step Electrodeposition has been conducted. The film was used as a photoanode of a solar cell. Synthesis was performed by two step electrodeposition with FTO as anode and carbon rod as cathode. NiO was firstly electrodeposited at 2.4 V from 0.2 M of NiCl2 solution at pH 11, 70°C, under stirring of 250 rpm after air bubbling. Second step, ZnO was electrodeposited at 2.6 V from precursor Zn(NO3) 0.2 M, pH 12, 70°C with air bubbling and stirring of 250 rpm. Product was then calcined at 450°C for 2 hours followed with XRD characterization. A solar cell was constructed by utilizing the ZnO/NiO film as photoanode related to aluminium plat as cathode. Data resulted showed that the efficiency in NiO deposition was 39.4% with mass of 8 mg and 16 µm in thin film size. Efficiency in ZnO deposition was 12.7% with mass of 14.7 mg and 11 µm in thin film size. XRD data informed that NiO and ZnO were thin filmed to FTO substrate with powder size of 30.31 nm and ZnO of 21.07 nm. Photovoltaic activity test with illuminating UV light 15 W onto the film resulted in that the average voltages of 240.93 mV and current density of 7.34 mA/cm2. Under tungsten light of 15 W illumination the system produced average voltages of 166.20 mV and current density of 5.48 mA/cm2. Finally, the solar cell was tested under 7 W-LED illumination that was calibrated to silicon solar cell equal to sun light of 1.5 AM (100 mW/cm2) resulted in efficiency of 0.027%.
Keywords: two step electrodeposition; solar cells; nickel oxide; zinc oxide

Article Metrics:

  1. Fengshou Tian, Yanli Liu, Synthesis of p-type NiO/n-type ZnO heterostructure and its enhanced photocatalytic activity, Scripta Materialia, 69, 5, (2013) 417-419
  2. R. Karsthof, P. Räcke, H. von Wenckstern, M. Grundmann, Semi-transparent NiO/ZnO UV photovoltaic cells, physica status solidi (a), 213, 1, (2016) 30-37
  3. Yanli Liu, Guizhi Li, Riding Mi, Congkun Deng, Pengzhao Gao, An environment-benign method for the synthesis of p-NiO/n-ZnO heterostructure with excellent performance for gas sensing and photocatalysis, Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 191, (2014) 537-544
  4. Giovanni Zangari, Electrodeposition of Alloys and Compounds in the Era of Microelectronics and Energy Conversion Technology, Coatings, 5, 2, (2015) 195
  5. S. Thanikaikarasan, T. Mahalingam, Influence of solution pH in electrodeposited iron diselenide thin films, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 511, 1, (2012) 115-122
  6. Yanchao Mao, Yongguang Cheng, Junqiao Wang, Hao Yang, Mingyang Li, Jian Chen, Mingju Chao, Yexiang Tong, Erjun Liang, Amorphous NiO electrocatalyst overcoated ZnO nanorod photoanodes for enhanced photoelectrochemical performance, New Journal of Chemistry, 40, 1, (2016) 107-112 10.1039/C5NJ01815C
  7. Miao Wang, Xurui Xiao, Xiaowen Zhou, Xueping Li, Yuan Lin, Investigation of PEO-imidazole ionic liquid oligomer electrolytes for dye-sensitized solar cells, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 91, 9, (2007) 785-790
  8. Yiyong Wu, Doyon Chang, Dongsoo Kim, Sik-Chol Kwon, Influence of boric acid on the electrodepositing process and structures of Ni–W alloy coating, Surface and Coatings Technology, 173, 2, (2003) 259-264
  9. Mustaqim Mustaqim, Abdul Haris, Gunawan Gunawan, Fabrikasi Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell Menggunakan Fotosensitizer Ekstrak Bunga Rosela (Hibiscus sabdariffa L) dan Elektrolit Padat Berbasis PEG (Polyethylene Glycol), Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi, 20, 2, (2017) 62-67
  10. Joko Suryadi, Gunawan Gunawan, Abdul Haris, Pembuatan dan Penentuan Nilai Efisiensi Sel Surya Berpewarna Tersensitisasi dengan Senyawa Antosianin dari Buah Manggis (Garcinia mangostana L.) sebagai Pewarna Pensensitisasi, Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi, 13, 3, (2010) 88-94
  11. Sri Handayani, Gunawan Gunawan, Abdul Haris, Pengaruh Pasta ZnO dengan Penambahan Dish Detergent dan PVA pada Kaca Konduktif terhadap Efisiensi Dye Sensitized Solar Cell dari Ekstrak Bunga Rosela (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.), Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi, 16, 3, (2013) 90-96
  12. Devi Maryani, Gunawan Gunawan, Khabibi Khabibi, Penentuan Efisiensi DSSC (Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell) yang Dibuat dari Semikonduktor ZnO yang diemban Fe3+ Melalui Metode Presipitasi, Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi, 15, 1, (2012) 29-35