skip to main content

Shoreline Dynamics in the Very Small Islands of Karimunjawa – Indonesia: A Preliminary Study

Mulyadi Alwi  -  Coastal and Watershed Research Group, Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281 Indonesia, Indonesia
*Bachtiar W. Mutaqin orcid scopus publons  -  Coastal and Watershed Research Group, Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281 Indonesia, Indonesia
Muh Aris Marfai orcid  -  1. Coastal and Watershed Research Group, Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281 Indonesia, Indonesia

Citation Format:
Abstract

Indonesia is considered one of the biggest archipelagic countries in the world. According to some literature, Indonesia has more than 17,000 islands, most of which are classified as small islands. Some of these islands have become important areas for tourism, for instance, small islands in Karimunjawa. However, some of these islands experienced shoreline changes caused by erosion and accretion. Hence, this research aims to map the spatial distribution of shoreline change using the Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) add-in on ArcGIS. The primary dataset utilized as input consists of Sentinel 2A imagery captured over 2017 and 2022. The results showed that around 89 segments, or 51.47% of the total shoreline segments, tend to experience accretion, while the remaining 79 segments, or 45.93%, experience erosion. This finding suggests that most shoreline segments tend to accrete or seaward movement in the research area. The results of this study exhibit notable disparities when compared to the occurrences observed in Pandeglang (Banten), Kuwaru (Yogyakarta), Buleleng (Bali), and East Java Province, where coastal erosion prevails over accretion. The managers of the islands try to reduce the threat of erosion by constructing dykes and breakwaters. However, these buildings are ineffective due to the relatively simple structures and building materials. Therefore, further studies are needed to determine the type and specification of mitigation buildings that are suitable for implementation in that location.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Coastal dynamics; Small Island Developing States; DSAS; shoreline; Karimunjawa
Funding: -

Article Metrics:

  1. Amalia, V., Purwaningsih, W., Benardi, A. I., & others. (2018). Analisis Perubahan Penggunaan Lahan Pesisir Karimunjawa. Edu Geography, 6(2), 144–152.

  2. Anugrah, R., Subiyanto, S., & others. (2017). Analisis Perubahan Nilai Tanah Akibat Perubahan Penggunaan Tanah Menggunakan Sig di Pulau Karimunjawa dan Pulau Kemojan Tahun 2010 dan 2016. Jurnal Geodesi UNDIP, 6(4), 108–117.

  3. Appelquist, L. R., Balstrøm, T., Halsnæs, K., K, N., J, L. R., M, S. M., J, S., J, B., K, L. P., J, J. G., & Vestergaard, O. (2016). Managing Climate Change Hazards in Coastal Areas - The Coastal Hazard Wheel Decision-Support System: Catalogue of Hazard Management Options. United Nations Environment Programme.

  4. Arjasakusuma, S., Kusuma, S. S., Saringatin, S., Wicaksono, P., Mutaqin, B. W., & Rafif, R. (2021). Shoreline dynamics in East Java Province, Indonesia, from 2000 to 2019 using multi-sensor remote sensing data. Land, 10(2), 100.

  5. Balai Taman Nasional Karimunjawa. (2020). Statistik Balai Taman Nasional Karimunjawa Tahun 2022.

  6. Bell, R., Lawrence, J., Allan, S., Blackett, P., Stephens, S., Hannah, J., Shand, T., Thomson, P., Glavovic, B. C., Britton, R., & others. (2017). Coastal hazards and climate change: Guidance for local government. Ministry for the Environment.

  7. BIG. (2022). Gazeter Republik Indonesia Edisi 1 Tahun 2022 Unsur Rupabumi Pulau.

  8. Bird, E. (2019). Coastline Changes. In: Finkl, C.W., Makowski, C. (eds) Encyclopedia of Coastal Science. Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-93806-6_93">[Crossref]

  9. Clifton, H. E. (2003). Coastal sedimentary facies. Encyclopedia of Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks, 149–157.

  10. Fafurida, F., Oktavilia, S., Prajanti, S. D. W., & Maretta, Y. A. (2020). Sustainable strategy: Karimunjawa national park marine ecotourism, Jepara, Indonesia. International Journal of Scientific and Technology Research, 9(3), 3234–3239.

  11. Förster, J., Mcleod, E., Bruton-Adams, M. M., & Wittmer, H. (2019). Climate change impacts on small island states: Ecosystem services risks and opportunities. Atlas of Ecosystem Services: Drivers, Risks, and Societal Responses, 353–359. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-96229-0_54">[Crossref]

  12. Giardino, A., Nederhoff, K., & Vousdoukas, M. (2018). Coastal hazard risk assessment for small islands: assessing the impact of climate change and disaster reduction measures on Ebeye (Marshall Islands). Regional Environmental Change, 18, 2237–2248. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-018-1353-3">[Crossref]

  13. Gill, J. C., & Malamud, B. D. (2016). Hazard interactions and interaction networks (cascades) within multi-hazard methodologies. Earth System Dynamics, 7(3), 659–679. https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-7-659-2016.">[Crossref]

  14. Handayani, W., Mutaqin, B. W., Marfai, M. A., Tyas, D. W., Alwi, M., Rosaji, F. S. C., Hilmansyah, A. A., Musthofa, A., & Fahmi, M. S. I. (2022). Coastal Hazard Modeling in Indonesia Small Island: Case Study of Ternate Island. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 1039(1), 12025. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/1039/1/012025">[Crossref]

  15. Hidayat, A., Hadmoko, D. S., Marfai, M. A., & Mutaqin, B. W. (2023). Volcanic hazard knowledge and preparedness of small island community on the flank of Gamalama volcano Ternate Island--Indonesia. GeoJournal, 88(2), 1251–1263. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10708-022-10682-9">[Crossref]

  16. Himmelstoss, E. A., Henderson, R. E., Kratzmann, M. G., & Farris, A. S. (2021). Digital Shoreline Analysis System ( DSAS ) Version 5.1 User Guide: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2021–1091. U.S. Geological Survey, 104. https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20211091">[Crossref]

  17. Kaharuddin, H., & Busthan. (2018). The Mitigation Of Coastal Abrasion On Islands, Special Reference To The Kodingareng Keke Island Makassar City, Indonesia. International Journal of Engineering & Technology IJET-IJENS, 8(1), 1–5.

  18. Koroy, K., Yulianda, F., & Butet, N. A. (2017). Pengembangan ekowisata bahari berbasis sumberdaya pulau-pulau kecil di pulau Sayafi Dan Liwo, Kabupaten Halmahera Tengah. Jurnal Teknologi Perikanan Dan Kelautan, 8(1), 1–17. https://doi.org/10.24319/jtpk.8.1-17">[Crossref]

  19. Lazuardi, Z., Karim, A., & Sugianto, S. (2022). Analisis Perubahan Garis Pantai Menggunakan Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) di Pesisir Timur Kota Sabang. Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian, 7(1), 662–676. https://doi.org/10.17969/jimfp.v7i1.18872">[Crossref]

  20. Lukman, K. M., Uchiyama, Y., Quevedo, J. M. D., & Kohsaka, R. (2022). Tourism impacts on small island ecosystems: public perceptions from Karimunjawa Island, Indonesia. Journal of Coastal Conservation, 26(3), 14. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11852-022-00852-9">[Crossref]

  21. Marfai, M. A., Winastuti, R., Wicaksono, A., & Mutaqin, B. W. (2022). Coastal morphodynamic analysis in Buleleng Regency, Bali—Indonesia. Natural Hazards, 111(1), 995–1017. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-021-05088-8">[Crossref]

  22. Micallef, S., Micallef, A., & Galdies, C. (2018). Application of the Coastal Hazard Wheel to assess erosion on the Maltese coast. Ocean & Coastal Management, 156, 209–222. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2017.06.005">[Crossref]

  23. Miller, T., Juneau, A. K., & others. (2020). The Effect of Sea Level Rise on Islands and Atolls. Encyclopedia of the World’s Biomes, 76. https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-12-409548-9.12038-x">[Crossref]

  24. Morner, N. A. (2017). Coastal Dynamics. In: Finkl, C., Makowski, C. (eds) Encyclopedia of Coastal Science. Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-48657-4_374-1">[Crossref]

  25. Muhammad, D. T. N., & Mardiatno, D. (2022). Kerentanan pesisir pulau kecil (Studi Kasus: Pulau Karimunjawa Dan Kemujan). JFMR (Journal of Fisheries and Marine Research), 6(1), 91–103. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jfmr.2022.006.01.11">[Crossref]

  26. Mutaqin, B. W. (2017). Shoreline changes analysis in kuwaru coastal area, yogyakarta, Indonesia: An application of the digital shoreline analysis system (DSAS). International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning, 12(7), 1203–1214. https://doi.org/10.2495/SDP-V12-N7-1203-1214">[Crossref]

  27. Mutaqin, B. W., Amanatulloh, D. A., Waskita, T. B., Marfai, M. A., Isnain, M. N., Alwi, M., & Khomarudin, M. R. (2022). Analisis Geomorfologi dan Oseanografi untuk Identifikasi Tipologi Pulau Kecil: Studi Kasus di Kepulauan Maluku Utara dan Karimunjawa. JPG (Jurnal Pendidikan Geografi), 9(1). https://doi.org/10.20527/jpg.v9i1.12459">[Crossref]

  28. Mutaqin, B. W., Handayani, W., Rosaji, F. S. C., Wahyuningtyas, D., & Marfai, M. A. (2021). Geomorphological Analysis for the Identification of Small Volcanic Islands in North Maluku, Indonesia. Jurnal Geografi, 13(2), 184–194. https://doi.org/10.24114/jg.v13i2.21526">[Crossref]

  29. Mutaqin, B. W., Kurniawan, I. A., Airawati, M. N., & Marfai, M. A. (2021). Kajian Perubahan Garis Pantai Di Sebagian Wilayah Pesisir Pandeglang, Banten, Periode Tahun 1990-2020. Jurnal Kelautan: Indonesian Journal of Marine Science and Technology, 14(3), 232–242. https://doi.org/10.21107/jk.v14i3.9832">[Crossref]

  30. Mutaqin, B. W., & Ningsih, R. L. (2023). Tidal Characteristics in Southern Waters of Java-Indonesia. JURNAL GEOGRAFI, 15(2), 154–164. https://doi.org/10.24114/jg.v15i2.45017">[Crossref]

  31. Nassar, K., Fath, H., Mahmod, W. E., Masria, A., Nadaoka, K., & Negm, A. (2018). Automatic detection of shoreline change: case of North Sinai coast, Egypt. Journal of Coastal Conservation, 22(6), 1057–1083. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11852-018-0613-1">[Crossref]

  32. Pribadi, A. H., Suryanti, S., & Ain, C. (2020). Dampak Kegiatan Pariwisata terhadap Status Tutupan Terumbu Karang dan Valuasi Ekonomi di Kepulauan Karimunjawa The Impact of Tourism Activities on The Status of Coral Reef Cover and Economic Valuation in Karimunjawa Island. Management of Aquatic Resources Journal (MAQUARES), 9(1), 72–80. https://doi.org/10.14710/marj.v9i1.27762">[Crossref]

  33. Purbani, D., Salim, H. L., Kusuma, L. P. A. S. C., Tussadiah, A., & Subandriyo, J. (2019). Ancaman Gelombang Ekstrim dan Abrasi pada Penggunaan Lahan di Pesisir Kepulauan Karimunjawa (Studi Kasus: Pulau Kemujan, Pulau Karimunjawa, Pulau Menjangan Besar dan Pulau Menjangan Kecil). Jurnal Kelautan Nasional, 14(1), 33–45. https://doi.org/10.15578/jkn.v14i1.7207">[Crossref]

  34. Setiawan, B. (2022). Ecotourism and Women Enterpreuner in Buffer Zone of Karimunjawa National Park. 3rd Borobudur International Symposium on Humanities and Social Science 2021 (BIS-HSS 2021), 336–342. https://doi.org/10.2991/978-2-494069-49-7_56">[Crossref]

  35. Wilkinson, E., Lovell, E., Carby, B., Barclay, J., & Robertson, R. E. A. (2016). The dilemmas of risk-sensitive development on a small volcanic island. Resources, 5(2), 21. https://doi.org/10.3390/resources5020021">[Crossref]

  36. Wisha, U. J., Dhiauddin, R., Ondara, K., Gemilang, W. A., & Rahmawan, G. A. (2022). Assessing Urban Development Impacts in the Padang Coastline City, West Sumatra Indonesia; Coastline Changes and Coastal Vulnerability. Geoplanning: Journal of Geomatics and Planning, 9(2), 73–88. https://doi.org/10.14710/geoplanning.9.2.73-88">[Crossref]

  37. Yulianda, F., Fahrudin, A., Hutabarat, A. A., Harteti, S., & Kusharjani, K. H. S. (2010). Pengelolaan Pesisir dan Laut Secara Terpadu (Integrated Coastal and Marine Management). School of Inviromental Conservation and Ecotourism Managemant (SECEM). Ministry of Forestry Republic of Indonesia. KONICA. Korea International Cooperation Agency.

  38. Yusuf, M. (2014). Analisis Kesesuaian Lokasi di Kawasan Taman Nasional Karimunjawa Untuk Budidaya Laut Berkelanjutan (Analysis of Site Suitability for Sustainable Marine Culture at Karimunjawa National Park). Ilmu Kelautan: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences, 18(1), 20–29. https://doi.org/10.14710/ik.ijms.18.1.20-29">[Crossref]

  39.  


Last update:

  1. Multi-hazard assessment under climate change in the aerotropolis coastal city of Kulon Progo, Yogyakarta – Indonesia

    Renny Laksmita Ningsih, Bachtiar W. Mutaqin. Journal of Coastal Conservation, 28 (1), 2024. doi: 10.1007/s11852-023-01015-0

Last update: 2024-02-28 07:46:31

No citation recorded.