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THE INFLUENCE OF Acanthus ilicifolius EXTRACTS TO HISTOPATHOLOGICAL ON HEPATOPANCREAS OF TIGER SHRIMP (Penaeus monodon F.)

*G. Saptiani  -  Aquatic Microbiology Laboratory of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Faculty, Mulawarman University, Indonesia
S. B. Prayitno  -  Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, University of Diponegoro, Indonesia
S. Anggoro  -  Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, University of Diponegoro, Indonesia
C. A. Pebrianto  -  Aquatic Microbiology Laboratory of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Faculty, Mulawarman University, Indonesia

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Abstract
ABSTRACT

Assesing the influence of the leaf extract to histopathological on hepatopancreas of shrimp as protection from Vibrio harveyi. Crude, ethyil acetate, and  n-butanol fraction was given by dipping method. The best survival was the fraction of n-butanol 300 ppm, followed by n-butanol 200 ppm and 700 ppm etyl acetate fraction. It reduced the prevalence of attacks and improved the survival of shrimp. The best pathophysiological and pathological anatomy of shrimp was n-buthanol fraction, followed etyl acetat fraction and then crude.  Histopathological of hepatopancreas was normal on n-butanol fraction, normal and minor in damage on etyl acetat fraction and crude, and minor to moderate damage on antibiotic

 

Key words: Acanthus ilicifolius, Vibrio harveyi, histopathological, hepatopancreas

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