Fat deposition of broiler chickens fed a high-fat diet contained Sauropus androgynus leaf extract plus turmeric powder

*K. Kususiyah scopus  -  Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Bengkulu University, Indonesia
U. Santoso scopus  -  Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Bengkulu University, Indonesia
Y. Fenita scopus  -  Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Bengkulu University, Indonesia
A. M. H. Putranto scopus  -  Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathetamics and Natural Science, Bengkulu University, Indonesia
S. Suharyanto  -  Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Bengkulu University, Indonesia
Received: 2 Jul 2019; Accepted: 4 Nov 2019; Published: 28 Dec 2019.
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Language: EN
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Abstract

A factorial design was used to analyzethe influenceofSauropus androgynusleaf extract (SALE) and turmeric powder (TP) on fat deposition in broilers fed high-fat diet. The first factor was the source of fat (6% beef fat and 6% palm oil), and the second factor was SALE plus TP [0 g SALE plus 0 g TP (G1), 9 g SALE plus 0.5 g TP (G2), 18 g SALE plus 0.5 g TP (G3), 9 g SALE plus 1 g TP (G4), 18 g SALE plus 1 g TP (G5)]. SALE plus TP affected cholesterol,lauric acid, myristic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid contents (p<0.01).Fat sources affected fat, cholesterol, lauric acid, myristic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid (p<0.01). There was a significant interaction between the two factorson fat, cholesterol, lauric acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid, and eicosapentaenoic acid contents. In conclusion, 18 g SALE plus 1 g TP supplementation to high-fat diet resulted in lower stearic acid, but it resulted in higher eicosapentaenoic acid. Supplementation of SALEplus TPto a high-fat diet lowered cholesterol content and changed fatty acidscomposition.


Keywords
Sauropus androgynus; turmeric powder; fat deposition; fatty acid; broilers

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