Durian seed meal for commercial layers: performance, nutrient retention and egg quality

*I. Mangisah orcid scopus  -  Faculty of Animal and Agricultural Sciences, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
V. D. Y. B. Ismadi orcid scopus  -  Faculty of Animal and Agricultural Sciences, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
B. Sukamto orcid scopus  -  Faculty of Animal and Agricultural Sciences, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
F. Wahyono orcid scopus  -  Faculty of Animal and Agricultural Sciences, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
S. sugiharto orcid scopus  -  Faculty of Animal and Agricultural Sciences, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Received: 20 Jan 2020; Accepted: 15 Jun 2020; Published: 18 Dec 2020.
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Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate diets containing durian (Durio zibethinus Murr) seed meal (DSM) on the performance, nutrient retention and egg qualities of commercial layers. A total of 120 fifty two -week-old laying hens were distributed according to a completely randomized design in four treatments and five replications with six birds each. The treatments consisted of different levels of durian seed meals (control, 3% DSM, 6% DSM, and 9% DSM). Feeding diets containing durian seed meal had no significant effect (p > 0.05) on the feed consumption of laying hens at 58 wk of age. Inclusion of up to 6% DSM in formulated layer diets did not reduce egg production and nutrient digestibility, but reduced egg weight. No differences (p>0.05) were observed in egg calcium content, egg calcium mass, and yolk color score fed diets containing DSM. This study suggests that DSM could be incorporated up to 6% in laying hen diets without adverse effect on production performance, nutrient retention and egg qualities.

Keywords: digestibility; egg production; egg weight; yolk color
Funding: the Faculty of Animal and Agricultural Sciences, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia

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