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Identification of SNP g.10428C>T of Stearoyl-CoA Desaturase gene related to meat quality in Bali cattle using PCR-RFLP method

S. N. Karimah  -  Graduate School of Animal Production and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, IPB University, Indonesia
R. R. Noor  -  Department of Animal Production and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, IPB University, Indonesia
*J. Jakaria  -  Department of Animal Production and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, IPB University, Indonesia
Open Access Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture

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Abstract
The objectives of this research was to analyze the polymorphisms of SNP g.10428C>T in the SCD gene using PCR-RFLP and its association with meat charactheristics in Bali cattle. The number of 52 Bali cattle from BPTU-HTP Denpasar were used in this study and which were compared to Belgianblue (n=30), Limousine (n=14), Peranakan Ongole (PO) (n=30) and Wagyu (n=7). The polymorphism of the SCD gene was characterized by the use of the PCR-RFLP technique with HinfI enzyme restriction. The characteristics of the meat quality in Bali cattle were estimated using ultrasound imaging method. Genotyphic and allelic frequencies, heterozygosity values, and the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium have been calculated using PopGen 1.32. The association between genotypes of SNP g.10428C>T SCD gene and meat quality characteristics was calculated using t-test. The results showed that homozygous genotypes (CC and TT) and heterozygous genotypes (CT) of the SCD|HinfI gene with C (0.26) and T (0.74) allele frequencies were and  in Bali cattle. The CC genotype was found in Belgian-blue, Limousine, PO, and Wagyu cattle with the allele C frequency of 1.00. The observed heterozygosity (Ho=0.44) higher than expected heterozygosity (He=0.39) showed high diversity in Bali cattle. Genotypes of SNP g.10428C>T SCD gene were associated with backfat thickness, marbling score, and percentage of intramuscular fat. Thus the SNPs g.10428C>T have potential as marker-assisted selection candidates for Bali cattle.

 

 

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Keywords: Bali cattle; meat quality; PCR-RFLP; SCD gene; SNP

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