EFFECT OF WATER EXTRACT OF PLANTS CONTAINING TANNIN ON IN VITRO METHAGONESIS AND FERMENTATION CHARACTERISTICS OF THE GRASS Pennisetum purpureophoides

*B. Santoso  -  Department of Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Animal Science, Fishery and Marine Science,, Indonesia
E.W. Saragih  -  Department of Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Animal Science, Fishery and Marine Science,, Indonesia
B.Tj. Hariadi  -  Department of Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Animal Science, Fishery and Marine Science,, Indonesia
Published: 15 Mar 2013.
Open Access
Citation Format:
Abstract
This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of extract of plants containing tannin on invitro CH4 production, fermentation characteristics and nutrient degradability. Six of plant leaves i.e.Gliricidia sepium, Acacia mangium, Leucaena leucocephala, Desmodium intortum, Camellia sinensis,Calliandra calothyrsus and seed of Areca catechu were extracted by using water. Experimentaltreatments consisted of P. purpureophoides (300±5 mg) incubated alone or added with 1.2 mL of plantextracts. The in vitro neutral detergent fibre (NDF) degradability was determined using the first stagetechnique of Tilley and Terry. The results showed that total tannin concentration of plant extract rangedfrom 34 to 95 g/kg DM, and was lowest in D. intortum and highest in A. mangium. Methane productionwas significantly (P<0.001) lower with addition of A. mangium, L. leucocephala, A. catechu, C. sinensisand C. calothyrsus extracts compared to control. Total tannin had a close relationship with CH4production (r=-0.79). There was strong correlation between CH4 production and NDF degradability(r=0.61). It was concluded that water extracts of A. mangium, L. leucocephala, A. catechu, C. sinensisand C. calothyrsus have potential to be used as rumen manipulator in order to reduce CH4 production inruminants.
Keywords: in vitro. methane. ruminant. tannin. extract

Article Metrics:

Last update: 2021-04-21 01:45:50

  1. Utilization of Leucaena leucocephala and Gliricidia sepium as supplements by goats fed Panicum maximum basal diet

    Muhammad Rusdy, Muhammad Yusuf, Ismartoyo. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 52 (2), 2020. doi: 10.1007/s11250-019-02040-8
  2. Nutritive Value, in vitro Fermentation Characteristics and Nutrient Digestibility of Agro-industrial Byproducts-based Complete Feed Block Enriched with Mixed Microbes

    B. Santoso, T.W. Widayati, B. Tj. Hariadi. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 16 (6), 2017. doi: 10.3923/pjn.2017.470.476
  3. In vitro Nutrient Digestibility and Fermentation Characteristics of King Grass Combined with Concentrate-Containing Mixed Microbes

    B. Santoso, M.N. Lekitoo, B. Tj. Hariadi, T.W. Widayati, H. Abubakar. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 15 (8), 2016. doi: 10.3923/pjn.2016.784.788

Last update: 2021-04-21 01:45:50

  1. Utilization of Leucaena leucocephala and Gliricidia sepium as supplements by goats fed Panicum maximum basal diet

    Muhammad Rusdy, Muhammad Yusuf, Ismartoyo. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 52 (2), 2020. doi: 10.1007/s11250-019-02040-8
  2. Nutritive value, in vitro fermentation characteristics and nutrient digestibility of agro-industrial byproducts-based complete feed block enriched with mixed microbes

    Santoso B.. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 16 (6), 2017. doi: 10.3923/pjn.2017.470.476
  3. Potential of walnut (Juglans regia) leave ethanolic extract to modify ruminal fermentation, microbial populations and mitigate methane emission

    Ala M.S.. Animal Production Science, 60 (9), 2020. doi: 10.1071/AN19241
  4. In vitro nutrient digestibility and fermentation characteristics of king grass combined with concentrate-containing mixed microbes

    Santoso B.. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 15 (8), 2016. doi: 10.3923/pjn.2016.784.788
  5. The effect of concentrate containing probiotics on fermentation characteristics, methanogenesis and in vitro nutrient digestility

    Santoso B.. Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture, 39 (4), 2014. doi: 10.14710/jitaa.39.4.210-216