PIG FARMING PERFORMANCES OF THREE PAPUAN TRIBES: CASE STUDY OF BYAK, ONATE AND ARFAK TRIBES IN PAPUA BARAT

*D.A. Iyai -  Faculty of Animal Sciences Fishery and Marine Sciences, The State University of Papua, Jl. Gunung Salju, Amban, Manokwari 98314, Papua Barat, Indonesia
O. Marani -  Livestock and Veterinary Provincial Board of Papua Barat, Jl. Trikora, Wosi 98313, Papua Barat, Indonesia
T. Marjen -  Agricultural and Livestock Regency Board of Biak, Jl. Selat Madura No.4., Postal code 98117, Papua Province, Indonesia
I. Usior -  Agricultural and Livestock Regency Board of Yapen Islands, Jl. Irian, PO Box 132, Papua Province, Indonesia
Published: 15 Mar 2013.
Open Access
Abstract
The objective of this study was to depict the pig farming performances of three different nativePapuan tribes, i.e. Byak, Onate and Arfak. Sites in Biak were taken from Samofa District. Sites in Yapenwere taken from South Yapen District comprised of Famboaman, Anotaurei, Mariadei and Mantembuvillages. Site in Manokwari was chosen at Sub-district of Wosi. Participatory research using interviewand observation was done towards 105 pig farmers. One-way analysis of variance and Pearson Chisquare(χ2) were used to analyse data. Several indicators tested were age, education, objectives ofrearing pigs, and species of pigs. The characteristics of pig farmers were similar. The variations of pigfarmers’ characteristics ware found in pigs’ rearing experience, animal number and litter size. Offeredfeeding on each physiological period was different. Similar finding were feeding sources and feedingprocess. Reproduction knowledge and their experience in farrowing management are similar amongstthe tribes. In general experiences and knowledge to prevent infectious diseases in general were similar.The three tribes have relatively similar in managing their pig farming systems.

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Keywords
Papuan native tribes. Byak. Onate. Arfak

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