WARU LEAF (Hibiscus tiliaceus) AS SAPONIN SOURCE ON In vitro RUMINAL FERMENTATION CHARACTERISTIC

*L. Istiqomah  -  Research Unit for Development of Chemical Engineering Processes,, Indonesia
H. Hardian  -  Research Unit for Development of Chemical Engineering Processes,, Indonesia
A. Febrisantosa  -  Research Unit for Development of Chemical Engineering Processes,, Indonesia
D. Putra  -  Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Sebelas Maret University, Indonesia
Published: 15 Mar 2011.
Open Access
Citation Format:
Abstract
The effect of waru leaf (Hibiscus tiliaceus) supplementation as saponin source on ruminalfermentation characteristics were studied using in vitro gas production techniques. Rumen fluid wastaken from fistulated Ongole crossbreed cattle. The treatments consisted of control treatments (Napiergrass with monensin and Napier grass without waru leaf (0% saponin level) and waru leafsupplementation treatments as much as 11, 22, 33, and 44 mg of feed (in dry matter basis) or equal to 5,10, 15, and 20% saponin level added to feed substrate of Napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum). Theresult showed that protozoa numbers and total gas production were significantly reduced (P<0.05) inline with the increasing of saponin level compared to 0% saponin level, while NH3, VFA concentrationand pH after 48 h fermentation were not affected by the treatment. VFA concentration increased by waruleaf up to 10% saponin level then decreased at level 15 and 20%. Ratio of acetate to propionate (A/P)and non glucogenic ratio (NGR) decreased at 5, 10, and 15% saponin level, but increased at level 20%.It could be concluded that waru leaf supplementation at 10% saponin level of feed was the optimumlevel which gave positive effect on rumen feed fermentation.
Keywords: In vitro. ruminal fermentation. saponin. waru leaf (H. tiliaceus)

Article Metrics:

Last update: 2021-04-15 21:27:00

  1. In vitro fermentability and digestibility of seedless noni waste (Morinda citrifolia L.) as a concentrate substitute in lactating dairy goat diet

    D Evvyernie, M Handayani, I G Permana, T Toharmat. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 127 , 2019. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/230/1/012028
  2. In vitro rumen fermentation characteristics of ammoniated stover of Samurai 2 sorghum fertilized with different level of Urea

    IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 127 , 2019. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/251/1/012049
  3. Effect of urea treatment of cocoa pod on rumen fermentation characteristicsin vitro

    A S Anggraeni, H Herdian, A A Sakti, A Sofyan, M Ekaningrum. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 101 , 2017. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/101/1/012031

Last update: 2021-04-15 21:27:00

  1. Phenotypic identification, nutrients content, bioactive compounds of two jengkol (Archidendron jiringa) varieties from Bengkulu, Indonesia and their potentials as ruminant feed

    Hidayah N.. Biodiversitas, 20 (6), 2019. doi: 10.13057/biodiv/d200624
  2. Combination of soybean meal and hibiscus tiliaceus leaf in the goat diet: Effect on some parameters of carbohydrate metabolism

    Armayanti A.K.. Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture, 40 (3), 2015. doi: 10.14710/jitaa.40.3.153-158
  3. In vitro fermentability and digestibility of seedless noni waste (Morinda citrifolia L.) as a concentrate substitute in lactating dairy goat diet

    D Evvyernie, M Handayani, I G Permana, T Toharmat. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 127 , 2019. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/230/1/012028
  4. Total VFA Production and Protozoa Population with Jengkol (Archidendron jiringa) Peel Powder Supplementation on in Vitro

    Hidayah N.. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 127 (1), 2019. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/372/1/012046
  5. Study of hibiscus tiliaceus leaf extract carrier as additive in the diets for fattening of local cattle (In vitro)

    Bata M.. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 15 (11), 2016. doi: 10.3923/pjn.2016.969.974
  6. Effect of urea treatment of cocoa pod on rumen fermentation characteristics in vitro

    Anggraeni A.S.. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 101 (1), 2017. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/101/1/012031
  7. In vitro rumen fermentation characteristics of ammoniated stover of Samurai 2 sorghum fertilized with different level of Urea

    IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 127 , 2019. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/251/1/012049
  8. In vitro goat fermentation of PUFA-diet supplemented with yeast and Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb

    Sulistyowati E.. Media Peternakan, 37 (3), 2014. doi: 10.5398/medpet.2014.37.3.175
  9. The effect of native grass substitution using jengkol (Archidendron jiringa) peel and leaves powder on in vitro rumen fermentation

    Hidayah N.. Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science, 10 (3), 2020.
  10. Combination of soybean meal and hibiscus tiliaceus leaf in the goat diet: Effect on some parameters of protein metabolism

    Akhsan F.. Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture, 40 (2), 2015. doi: 10.14710/jitaa.40.2.100-106