The Performance of Activated Natural Zeolitess for Color Adsorption of Naphthol and Heavy Metal Cr Used in Batik Industry

Christine Indira Rinai Pangesti



One of the most developed industry in Indonesia is batik industry. Batik industry in 2006 amounted to 48,287 business units spread over 17 provinces, and employed 792,300 people. The main source of waste in the batik industry is the use of dyes which are known to contain heavy metals Cr and naphthol dyes. One of the absorbents that can be utilized is natural zeolites. In this research there will be wastewater treatment of batik industry in the form of synthetic solution containing heavy metal Cr and naphthol dyes with adsorption method using natural zeolites. The research method using experimental method with quantitative descriptive data. This research used different heating treatment for zeolites activation process, namely 1500, 3000, 4500 and 600 0C. Unsaturated zeolitess will be compared with their adsorption effectiveness by absorbance measurement method using UV-VIS spectrophotometer and atomic absorption spectrophotometer. From this research that has been done, it is expected to know the effectiveness of adsorption from the two natural zeolitess from    Purworejo and   Ponorogo to the adsorption ability of naphthol dyes and heavy metals Cr. So it can be known that natural zeolites has better adsorption ability comes from Ponorogo.

Key words: Adsorption, Batik Waste,  Natural Zeolitess, Zeolites Activation




Ackley, M.W., Rege, S.U., and Saxena, H., 2003. Application of Natural Zeolites in The Purification and Separation of Gases. Journal Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 61, pp. 25-42.

Ertan, A., dan Ozkan. 2005. CO2 and N2 Adsorption on the Acid (HCl, HNO3, H2SO4, and H3PO4) Treated Zeolites. Journal of Adsorption, Vol 11, 151-156.

Harjanti, Ratna Sri. 2008. Utilization of Natural Zeolite of Kliroptilolite as Catalyst in Alkaholis Castor Oil. Indonesian Journal of Process Engineering. Vol. 2 No.1.

Kurniasari, Leaeli, Mohhamad Djaeni dan Aprilina Purbasari. 2011. Activation of Natural Zeolite as Adsorbent On Low Temperature Dryer. Reactor, Vol. 13 No. 3, Page. 178-184.

Mratihatani, Anandriyo Suryo. 2013. Towards Clean River Management in Liquid Waste Batik Industrial Area. Faculty of Economics and Business Thesis, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia.

Patra M., N. Bhowmik, B. Bandopadhyay, & A. Sharma. 2004. Comparison of Hg, Pb and As genotoxic effects on plants and the development of genetic tolerance.Environmental and Experimental Botany, 52: 199-223.

Payra, P. and Dutta, P.K., 2003. Zeolites : A Primer, Handbook of Zeolite Science and Technology, Marcel Dekker, Inc.

Wang, S., dan Peng, Y. 2010. Natural Zeolites as Effective Adsorbents in Water and Wastewater Treatment. Chemical Engineering Journal. Vol 156;11-24

Yuliusman, dkk. 2010. Preparation Natural Zeolite from Lampung with HF, HCl and Calcination solution for Gas Adsorption CO. Indonesian Journal of Chemical Engineering and Process, ISSN: 1411-4216. X.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Published by Waste Resources Research Center (WRRC), Diponegoro University - Indonesia
WasTech by is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0.