Waste Disposal Impacts on Surface Water Quality

Laura Kusari


DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/mkmi.%25v.%25i.1-8

Abstract


There are many factors that influence surface water quality and each of them needs to be thoroughly investigated. Amongst them, landfills are representing a threat to many areas of our environment and particularly in our water resources. Therefore, landfill activity needs to be addressed in order to maintain solid catchment characteristics and old quality of water resources. The focus of this research is to assess the impacts of sanitary and illegal landfills on surface water quality. In Kosovo, there are still remains of old municipality damp sites, new regional sanitary landfills as well as illegal waste disposal sites. There are also industrial waste disposal sites, agricultural waste and demolition waste, too. All those are imposing a higher stress to our environment and to our water resources. In our country, the estimated waste from municipal wastes only, reaches up to 319,034 t/year. About 42% of Kosovo population is provided with the waste collection service (The State of Waste in Kosovo, 2009). This rate is highest in the Prishtina region where it reaches up to 64%, in the 2007 year.

In this paper will be presented the generated waste projection and the impacts of the landfills on the surface water quality. As the conclusion, the use of best management techniques to minimize those problems will be given.


Keywords


Environment; Landfill; Surface water quality; Waste disposal

Full Text:

FULL TEXT PDF

References


Clark, J., (1996). Rivers and their Catchments: Impacts of Landfill on Water Quality (Information and advisory note) Earth sciences Branch. Scotish Natural Heritage, Edinburgh http://www.snh.org.uk/publications/on-line/advisorynotes/39/39.htm

Estimation of Kosovo Population 2011. (2013) Agjensia e Statistikave te Kosoves. Qeveria e Kosoves

Kosove - Analiza Mjedisore e Shtetit. Vleresimi i Kostos se Degradimit Mjedisor, Rishikimi Institucional dhe Rishikimi i shpenzimeve Publike per Mjedisin. COWI, 2010.

http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTKOSOVO/Resources/KosovoCEA_Alb.pdf

Law on Waste. Law No.04/L-060. (2012). Kosovo Assembly. Republic of Kosovo

Municipal Waste Survey, 2015. Series 2: Agriculture and Environmental Statistics (2016). Agjensia e Statistikave te Kosoves. Zyra e Kryeministrit. Agjencia e Statistikave te Kosoves. Republika e Kosoves

Raport per Gjendjen e Ujerave ne Republiken e Kosoves. (2015). Agjensioni per Mbrojtjen e Mjedisit te Kosoves. Ministria e Mjeddisit dhe Planiffikimit Hapesinor.

State of the Environment Report, (2008). Kosovo Environmental Protection Agency. Ministri of Environment and Spatial Planning

Strategjia Shteterore e Ujerave te Kosoves (2015-2034). Kuvendi i Kosoves, Qeveria e Kosoves. http://www.kryeministri.ks.net/tfu/repository/docs/Strategjia_e_Ujerave_te_Kosoves__2.95a%281%29.pdf

The State of Waste and Chemicals Report (2014). Ministry of Environmental and Spatial Planning. Kosovo Environmental Protection Agency. Prishtine.

The State of Waste in Kosovo 2008, Report (2009). Kosovo Environmental Protection Agency. Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning.

Umar, M., Azizi, H., Yousoff, M., (2010). Variability of Parameters Involved in Leachate Pollution Index and Determination of LPI from Four Landfills in Malaysia. International Journal of Chemical Engineering. Volume 2010, article ID 747953, doi: 10.1155/2010/747953


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Published by Waste Resources Research Center (WRRC), Diponegoro University - Indonesia
   
 
WasTech by http://ejournal.undip.ac.id/index.php/wastech is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0.