Physicochemical Treatment and Disposal of Hazardous Waste

Willie Doaemo, Panagiotis Karvounis



Since massive urbanization occurs, more and more waste is produced in yearly bases; a situation that drives sanitation facilities exceeding their capacities. On top of that with increased industrialization activity significantly more hazardous waste is produced and disposed as contaminated water or hazardous solid waste. This is a problem, both developed and developing states face and it can dispute the biogeochemical cycles and has side effects in human health and environment. In this report we review in detail physicochemical properties of the hazardous chemicals released to the environment and provide an overview of the various hazardous waste treatment technologies. The goal is encourage government to implement policies to ensure water pollution is controlled and enforced by law.


Physicochemical properties, hazardous waste, wastewater, industrial waste, policy implementation

Full Text:



Farhad Fazlollahi, Phillip C. Wankat, Novel solvent exchange distillation column. Chemical Engineering Science, Volume 184, 20 July 2018, Pages 216-228.

Fayza A. Nasr·Hala S. Doma·Hisham S. Abdel-Halim·Saber A. El-Shafai, Chemical industry wastewater treatment, Environmentalist (2007) 27:275–286

DOI 10.1007/s10669-007-9004-0

Bambakas Ioannis, Karvounis Panagiotis, Nitrogen and sulfur cycles and how they are affected by human interference: the example of Greece, e-Journal of Science & Technology (e-JST), 11 (2), pp. 33-38, 2016

Miguel Angel Gonzalez-Salazar , Trevor Kirsten , Lubos Prchlik, Review of the operational flexibility and emissions of gas- and coal-fired power plants in a future with growing renewables, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 82 (2018) 1497–1513

Shumin Wang, Yongsheng Zhang, Yongzheng Gu, Jiawei Wang, Zhao liu, You Zhang, Yan Cao, Carlos E. Romero, Wei-ping Pan, Using modified fly ash for mercury emissions control for coal-fired power plant applications in China, Fuel 181 (2016) 1230–1237.

Tong Z, Wada S, Yamagishi T, Hiroyasu I, Tatsumi K, Zhao QX. Treatment of bleaching wastewater from pulp-paper plant in China using enzyme and coagulants. J Environ Sci 1999;11(4):480–4

Lee CS, Robinson J, Chong MF. A review on application of flocculants in wastewater treatment. Process Saf Environ 2014;92(6):489–508.

Renata Toczyłowska-Mamińska, Limits and perspectives of pulp and paper industry wastewater treatment – A review, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 78 (2017) 764–772.

D.A. Clifford, Z. Zhang, Modifying ion exchange for combined removal of uranium and radium. Journal of the American Water Works Association, 86 (1994), pp. 214-227

T.S.Anirudhan P.G.Radhakrishnan, Improved performance of a biomaterial-based cation exchanger for the adsorption of uranium(VI) from water and nuclear industry wastewater. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, Volume 100, Issue 3, March 2009, Pages 250-257

S.G. Poulopoulos, E.C. Voutsas, H.P. Grigoropoulou, C.J. Philippopoulos, Stripping as a pretreatment process of industrial oily wastewater, J. Hazard. Mater., 117 (2005), pp. 135-139

M. Kriipsalu, M. Marques, D.R. Nammari, H.William, Bio-treatment of oily sludge: The contribution of amendment material to the content of target contaminants, and the biodegradation dynamics. J. Hazard. Mater., 148 (2007), pp. 616-622

J.Y. Cui, X.F. Zhang, H.O. Liu, S.Q. Liu, K.L.Yeung, Preparation and application of zeolite/ceramic microfiltration membranes for treatment of oil contaminated water. Membr. Sci., 325 (2008), pp. 420-426

T. Yang, Z.F. Ma, Q.Y. Yang, Formation and performance of Kaolin/MnO2 bi-layer composite dynamic membrane for oily wastewater treatment: Effect of solution conditions. Desalination, 270 (2011), pp. 50-56

A. Salahi, I. Noshadi, R. Badrnezhad, B. Kanjilal, T. Mohammadi, Nano-porous membrane process for oily wastewater treatment: Optimization using response surface methodology. J. Environ. Chem. Eng. (2013)

T.Y. Wang, H.G. Zhou, Y. Bi, Y.A. Tang. Technol. Supervision Pet. Ind., 1 (2007), pp. 18-20

LiYu, MeiHan, FangHe, A review of treating oily wastewater. Arabian Journal of Chemistry, Volume 10, Supplement 2, May 2017, Pages S1913-S1922

Rene Kollmann, Georg Neugebauer, Florian Kretschmer, Barbara Truger, Helene Kindermann, Gernot Stoeglehner, Thomas Ertl, Michael Narodoslawsky, Renewable energy from wastewater - Practical aspects of integrating a wastewater treatment plant into local energy supply concepts. Journal of Cleaner Production 155 (2017) 119e129

Elisabeth Vogel, Detlef Deumlich, Martin Kaupenjohann, Bioenergy maize and soil erosion — Risk assessment and erosion control concepts. Geoderma 261 (2016) 80–92.

Ahmed Abou-Shady, Recycling of polluted wastewater for agriculture purpose using electrodialysis: Perspective for large scale application. Chemical Engineering Journal 323 (2017) 1–18

Die Chen, Wei Wei, Liding Chen, Effects of terracing practices on water erosion control in China: A meta-analysis. Earth-Science Reviews, Volume 173, October 2017, Pages 109-121.

Water Pollution Control - A Guide to the Use of Water Quality Management Principles, WHO, 1997.

IAEA, 2009. Classification of Radioactive Waste: General Safety Guide (Vienna, Austria).

H. Vandenhove, C. Turcanu, Agricultural land management options after the Chernobyl and Fukushima accidents: the articulation of science, technology, and society, Integr. Environ. Assess. Manag. 12 (2016) 662–666.

Jaroslava Kotatkova, Jan Zatloukal, Pavel Reiterman, Karel Kolar, Concrete and cement composites used for radioactive waste deposition. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 178-179 (2017) 147-155

Songbok Leea, Youngjin Kima, Jungmi Park, Ho Kyong Shon, Seungkwan Hong, Treatment of medical radioactive liquid waste using Forward Osmosis (FO) membrane process. Journal of Membrane Science 556 (2018) 238–247.

Tomas Hrncir, Roman Strazovec, Matej Zachar, Potential for recycling of slightly radioactive metals arising from decommissioning within nuclear sector in Slovakia, Journal of Environmental Radioactivity (2017)

Mumei Chena, Zheng Li, Jihao Li, Jingye Li, Qingnuan Li, Lan Zhang, The extraction of uranium using graphene aerogel loading organic solution. Talanta, Volume 166, 1 May 2017, Pages 284-291

A. Bo, S. Sarina, H. Liu, Z. Zheng, Q. Xiao, Y. Gu, G.A. Ayoko, H. Zhu, Efficient removal of cationic and anionic radioactive pollutants from water using hydrotalcite-based getters. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 8 (2016), pp. 16503-16510

Dimitrios Komilis, Nikolaos Makroleivaditis, Eftychia Nikolakopoulou, Generation and composition of medical wastes from private medical microbiology laboratories. Waste Management 61 (2017) 539–546.

Uisung Lee, Jeongwoo Han, Michael Wang, Evaluation of landfill gas emissions from municipal solid waste landfills for the life-cycle analysis of waste-to-energy pathways. Journal of Cleaner Production 166 (2017) 335-342.

Lee, U., Han, J., Wang, M., 2016. Well-to-Wheels Analysis of Compressed Natural Gas and Ethanol from Municipal Solid Waste, ANL/ESD-16/20. Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne. Ill.

N.Scarlat, V. Motola, J. F.Dallemand, F.Monforti-Ferrario, Linus Mofor, Evaluation of energy potential of Municipal Solid Waste from African urban areas. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Volume 50, October 2015, Pages 1269-1286.

Cristina Aracil, Pedro Haro, Diego Fuentes-Cano, Alberto Gómez-Barea, Implementation of waste-to-energy options in landfill-dominated countries: Economic evaluation and GHG impact. Waste Management 2018.

Bruno Vasconcelos Rosa Pin, Regina Mambeli Barros, Electo Eduardo Silva Lora, Ivan Felipe Silva dos Santos, Waste management studies in a Brazilian microregion: GHG emissions balance and LFG energy project economic feasibility analysis. Energy Strategy Reviews 19 (2018) 31-43.

The Project for the Study on Lae-Nadzab Urban Development Plan in Papua New Guinea. Chapter 6.8 Solid waste management.

Päivi Pelli, Services and industrial development: analysis of industrial policy, trends and issues for the forest-based sector. Research article, Journal of Forest Economics, Volume 31, April 2018, Pages 17-26


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Published by Waste Resources Research Center (WRRC), Diponegoro University - Indonesia
WasTech by is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0.