- Vol 4, No 1 (2017)
SPATIAL TRANSFORMATION OF SURAKARTA’S PERIPHERAL RURAL VILLAGES UNDER IN-SITU URBANIZATION PHENOMENON : THE CASE OF GENTAN VILLAGE
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Surakarta is one of the rapidly growing Indonesian cities. The pressure towards its peripheral area is resulting ‘in-situ urbanization’ phenomenon of its rural village surroundings. Gentan is one of Surakarta adjacent rural villages that has been undergoing rapid spatial transformation from rural to urban settlement in the last 20 years (1995-2016). This research aims to clarify the spatial transformation in Gentan village through examinations in its spatial elements on higher resolution level; (1) transformation of its street network connectivity, (2) land use pattern, (3) building density, and (4) public facilities and accessibility. The data used is satellite imagery and staatistic data from several government institutions. The field survey were used in this research as sources for validation. From Gentan’s spatial elements observations, this research concludes that this village is transforming into urban settlements by its spatial elements characteristics. This research also provides interesting findings by its analysis on the neighborhood level that while Gentan is transforming into urban settlement, its internal connectivity is decreasing, residential uses dominated its land use, the village is dominated by the formal settlement, and the reach distance of its public facilities fluctuated across the time. So, it need more effective development policies to deal with such transformation.
Spatial Transformation, In Situ Urbanization, Peripheral Rural Villages
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