skip to main content

Slum Upgrading Spatial Model Based on Level of Vulnerability to Climate Change in Coastal Area of Semarang City

*Khristiana Dwi Astuti scopus  -  Diponegoro University, Indonesia
P Pangi  -  Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Reny Yesiana  -  Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Intan Muning Harjanti  -  Diponegoro University, Indonesia

Citation Format:
Abstract

Slum settlement is one of the significant global problems which requires special concern in the discussion agenda of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of 2016-2030. The Sustainable Development Summit held in New York in September 2015 formulated that one of SDGs goals is to build inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable cities and settlements. In Indonesia, the achievement of this goal is stated in National Medium-Term Development Plan 2015-2019, i.e. creating 0% urban slum settlement which is supported by policies expected to accommodate the achievement of national development targets. Semarang Mayor Decree No. 050/801/2014 concerning the Determination of the Location of Housing Environment and Slum Settlements in Semarang City has been issued as the basis to identify slum settlements scattered throughout Semarang city, in terms of location, physical condition, and social conditions. This study was conducted by case studies on slum settlements in Trimulyo Village and Mangkang Wetan Village, Semarang city, Central Java Province, Indonesia, to formulate a slum upgrading model based on the resilience level of coastal communities towards climate change. The analysis included identifying the characteristics of slum settlements, scoring analysis to determine the resilience level possessed by coastal communities, and analysis of pentagon assets used to formulate slum upgrading models. The results of the study showed that these two research areas had a moderate level of vulnerability, with several different characteristics of asset ownership, particularly those related to human and social assets. Increasing the quality of human resources and social relations in the community was more intensified in the environment and community in Trimulyo, while improving the physical quality of the environment through housing improvements was carried out in Mangkang Wetan.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: slum upgrading, coastal community, vulnerability
Funding: Vocational School of Diponegoro University

Article Metrics:

  1. Baker, J. L., & Gadgil, G. U. (2017). East Asia and Pacific Cities: Expanding opportunities for the urban poor. World Bank Publications.

  2. Bappenas. (2017). Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Menengah Nasional 2015-2019. Bappenas.

  3. BKM. (2017). Neighborhood Upgrading Action Plan Mangkang Wetan 2016. Semarang.

  4. Boer, R. (2012). Ruang Lingkup Kajian Kerentanan: Antara Teori Dan Praktek. CCROM-SEAP IPB. Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

  5. BPS. (2017). Jumlah Penduduk dan Laju Pertumbuhan Penduduk Menurut Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Jawa Tengah, 2010, 2014, dan 2015

  6. Buchori, I., & Pangi. (2015). The Use of Satellite Imagery Analysis for Identifying Gentrification Phenomenon: A Case Study of Tembalang, A Suburb of Semarang City. The 5th International Conference of Jabodetabek Study Forum.

  7. Carter, J. G., Cavan, G., Connelly, A., Guy, S., Handley, J., & Kazmierczak, A. (2015). Climate change and the city: Building capacity for urban adaptation. Progress in Planning, 95, 1–66. [https://doi.org/10.1016/j.progress.2013.08.001">Crossref]

  8. Das, A. (2015). Slum upgrading with community-managed microfinance: Towards progressive planning in Indonesia. Habitat International, 47, 256–266. [https://doi.org/10.1016/j.habitatint.2015.01.004">Crossref]

  9. De Schutter, O. (2014). The Right to Adequate Nutrition. Development, 57(2), 147–154. [https://doi.org/10.1057/dev.2014.64">Crossref]

  10. Dirjen Cipta Karya. (2015a). Panduan Penyelenggaraan Infrastruktur Permukiman / 2015

  11. Dirjen Cipta Karya. (2015b). Program Kotaku

  12. Folke, C. (2006). Resilience: The emergence of a perspective for social-ecological systems analyses. Global Environmental Change, 16(3), 253–267. [https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2006.04.002">Crossref]

  13. INFID (International NGO Forum on Indonesian Development). (2019). Pedoman Proses Pelaksanaan Tujuan Pembangunan Berkelanjutan Berdasarkan Prinsip Hak Asasi Manusia. 72. 

  14. Meredith, T., & MacDonald, M. (2017). Community-supported slum-upgrading: Innovations from Kibera, Nairobi, Kenya. Habitat International, 60, 1–9. [https://doi.org/10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.12.003">Crossref]

  15. Minnery, J., Argo, T., Winarso, H., Hau, D., Veneracion, C. C., Forbes, D., & Childs, I. (2013). Slum upgrading and urban governance: Case studies in three South East Asian cities. Habitat International, 39, 162–169. [https://doi.org/10.1016/j.habitatint.2012.12.002">Crossref]

  16. Nugroho, A. R., Handoyo, S. R., & Muta’ali, L. (2017). Basis Data Potensi Sosial Ekonomi Masyarakat untuk Pengelolaan Wilayah Perkotaan Tepian Sungai (Kasus: Tipologi Permukiman Kumuh Kota Banjamasin).

  17. Olotuah, A. (2012). Slums. In International Encyclopedia of Housing and Home (pp. 355–361). [https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-08-047163-1.00532-4">Crossref]

  18. Olthuis, K., Benni, J., Eichwede, K., & Zevenbergen, C. (2015). Slum Upgrading: Assessing the importance of location and a plea for a spatial approach. Habitat International, 50, 270–288. [https://doi.org/10.1016/j.habitatint.2015.08.033">Crossref]

  19. Population Divisions Department of Economic and Social Affairs. (2018). Urban Population at Mid-Year by Region, Subregion, Country and Area, 1950-2050

  20.  Saad, O. A., Fikry, M. A., & Hasan, A. E.-S. (2019). Sustainable upgrading for informal areas. Alexandria Engineering Journal, 58(1), 237–249. [https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aej.2019.03.001">Crossref]

  21. Sariffuddin, Astuti, K. D., Farhaeni, G., & Wahdah, L. (2017). Vulnerability Assessment: The Role of Coastal Informal Settlement Growth to Social Vulnerability in Genuk Sub-District, Semarang City. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 55, 12047. [https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/55/1/012047">Crossref]

  22. Singh, N., & Gilman, J. (2000). Employment and Natural Resources Management: A Livelihoods Approach to Poverty Reduction. UNDP New York, NY.

  23. Suhelmi, I. R., & Prihatno, H. (2014). Model Spasial Dinamik Genangan Akibat Kenaikan Muka Air Laut Di Pesisir Semarang (Spatial Dynamic Model of Inundated Area Due to Sea Level Rise at Semarang Coastal Area). Jurnal Manusia Dan Lingkungan, 21(1), 15–20.

  24. Susandi, A., Herlianti, I., Tamamadin, M., & Nurlela, I. (2008). Dampak perubahan iklim terhadap ketinggian muka laut di wilayah Banjarmasin. Jurnal Ekonomi Lingkungan, 12(2).

  25. Thompson, S. K. (1997). Spatial sampling. Precision Agriculture: Spatial and Temporal Variability of Environmental Quality, 161–172.

  26. UN Habitat. (2016). Slum Almanac 2015-2016: Tracking improvement in the lives of slum dwellers. Notes and Queries, s4-XII(308), 413–413.

  27. Wulandari, M. A., & others. (2013). Tipologi Kerentanan Permukiman Kumuh Kawasan Pesisir terhadap Perubahan Iklim di Kota Tegal. Teknik PWK (Perencanaan Wilayah Kota), 2(1), 85–93.

  28. Yu, J., Shannon, H., Baumann, A., Schwartz, L., & Bhatt, M. (2016). Slum Upgrading Programs and Disaster Resilience: A Case Study of an Indian `Smart City’. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 36, 154–161. [https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2016.09.026">Crossref]

  29.  


  30.  


Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update:

No citation recorded.