skip to main content

Three Decades of River Bank Erosion and Accretion Appraisal Along Bank Line Shifting Trend in A Transboundary River, Teesta Floodplain of Bangladesh

Masud Parvej orcid  -  Research Assistant, Department of Forestry and Environmental Science, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet-3114, Bangladesh, Bangladesh
*Kazi Mohammad Masum orcid scopus publons  -  Department of Forestry and Environmental Science, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet-3114, Bangladesh, Bangladesh
Md. Sahinur Islam Fahim orcid  -  Department of Forestry and Environmental Science, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet-3114, Bangladesh, Bangladesh
Mohammad Redowan orcid  -  School of Education and the Arts, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, QLD 4701, Australia, Australia

Citation Format:

As the world's largest delta, Bangladesh possesses distinctive geomorphology dominated by transboundary rivers, making it vulnerable to climatic hazards such as river erosion that causes severe loss of land and other resources. Using four Landsat imageries of 1991, 2001, 2011 and 2021 the current study analyzed the amount and trend of river erosion and accretion on the Teesta Floodplain of Bangladesh for three decades. Findings indicate that the Teesta River experiences severe bank erosion and accretion regularly, causing bank line shifting and thus significant affecting the land-use/land-cover (LULC) change of the area. Between 1991 and 2021, approximately 194 square kilometers of land were eroded, while an equivalent area of land was accreted. Approximately 1072 km2 of agricultural land was converted into other categories, with the settlement area gradually increasing. This trend of changes shows that agricultural land and water-bodies will reduce in the next two decades while barren land and settlement areas will increase. The agricultural lands and barren lands have a greater chance of being occupied by settlement areas. At the same time, crop production patterns will move to those crops that require less water due to the reduction of water-bodies. Reduced flow during the dry season and massive discharge during the monsoon from India's Gajoldoba barrage caused massive siltation and erosion. Comprehensive river management and restoration with an intergovernmental treaty or understanding between India and Bangladesh is required to resolve this crisis in the long run.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Teesta Floodplain, Spatiotemporal LULC Change, Remote Sensing Application, Transboundary River.
Funding: National Science and Technology Fellowship, Bangladesh

Article Metrics:

  1. Afroz, R., & Rahman, A. (2013). Transboundary river water for Ganges and Teesta Rivers in Bangladesh : An assessment. Global Science and Technology Journal, 1(1), 100–111.

  2. Agaton, M., Setiawan, Y., & Effendi, H. (2016). Land Use/Land Cover Change Detection in an Urban Watershed: A Case Study of Upper Citarum Watershed, West Java Province, Indonesia. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 33, 654–660.">[Crossref]

  3. Ahmed, K. I. (2006). ENVISAT ASAR for land cover mapping and change detection. Department of Urban Planning and Environment, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden. TRITA-GIT EX-011

  4. Akhter, S., Uddin, K., Islam, S., Reza, A., & Islam, T. (2019). Predicting spatiotemporal changes of channel morphology in the reach of Teesta River , Bangladesh using GIS and ARIMA modeling. Quaternary International, January, 1–15.">[Crossref]

  5. Alam, G. M., Alam, K., Mushtaq, S., & Clarke, M. L. (2017). Vulnerability to climatic change in riparian char and river-bank households in Bangladesh: Implication for policy, livelihoods and social development. Ecological Indicators, 72, 23–32.">[Crossref]

  6. Bandyopadhyay, S. (2007). Evolution of the Ganga Brahmaputra delta: a review. Geographical review of India, 69(3), 235-268.

  7. Banskota, A., Kayastha, N., Falkowski, M. J., Wulder, M. A., Froese, R. E., & White, J. C. (2014). Forest monitoring using Landsat time series data: A review. Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, 40(5), 362-384.

  8. Brouwer, R., Akter, S., Brander, L., & Haque, E. (2007). Socioeconomic vulnerability and adaptation to environmental risk: a case study of climate change and flooding in Bangladesh. Risk Analysis: An International Journal, 27(2), 313-326.">[Crossref]

  9. CEGIS, (2015), Prediction of River, Bank Erosion and Morphological Changes along the Jamuna the Ganges, the Padma and the Lower Meghna Rivers in 2015. 

  10. Chen, X., Vierling, L., & Deering, D. (2005). A simple and effective radiometric correction method to improve landscape change detection across sensors and across time. Remote Sensing of Environment, 98(1), 63-79.

  11. Congalton R, Green K (1999) ‘Assessing the accuracy of remotely sensed data: Principles and practices.’ (CRC/Lewis Press: Boca Raton) 137 pp

  12. Disaster Management Bureau. (2017). National Plan for Disaster Management 2016-2020. In Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief. 2019 _English_FINAL.pdf 

  13. Ferdous, J., & Mallick, D. (2019). Norms, practices, and gendered vulnerabilities in the lower Teesta basin, Bangladesh. Environmental Development, 31(October 2018), 88–96.">[Crossref]

  14. Gerard, F., Petit, S., Smith, G., Thomson, A., Brow,n N., Manchester, S., Wadsworth, R., Bugar, G., Halada,.L, Bezák, P., Boltiziar, M., de badts, E., Halabuk, A., Mojses, M., Petrovic, F., Gregor, M., Hazeu, G., Mücher, C. A., Wachowicz, M., Huitu, H., Tuominen, S., Köhler, R., Olschofsky, K., Ziese, H., Kolar, J., Sustera, J., Luque,.S, Pino, J., Pons, X., Roda, F., Roscher, M., Feranec, J. (2010). Land cover change in Europe between 1950 and 2000 determined employing aerial photography. Progress in Physical Geography,34(2), 183–205.">[Crossref]

  15. Hassan, M. A., Ratna, S. J., Hassan, M., & Tamanna, S. (2017). Remote sensing and GIS for the Spatio-temporal change analysis of the east and the West River Bank erosion and accretion of Jamuna River (1995-2015), Bangladesh. Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 5(9), 79-92.">[Crossref]

  16. Hasan, S., Evers, J., & Zwarteveen, M. (2020). The transfer of Dutch Delta Planning expertise to Bangladesh: A process of policy translation. Environmental Science and Policy, 104(November 2019), 161–173.">[Crossref]

  17. Hossain, M. A., Gan, T. Y., & Baki, A. B. M. (2013). Assessing morphological changes of the Ganges River using satellite images. Quaternary international, 304, 142-155.">[Crossref]

  18. Islam, M. (2016). The Teesta River and its basin area. In Water Use and Poverty Reduction. Springer, Tokyo, 13-43.">[Crossref]

  19. Jensen, R. J. (2005). Introductory Digital Image Processing: A Remote sensing Perspective, 3rd Edition. New York: Prentice-Hall, Inc.

  20. Khan, S. S., & Islam, T. (2015). Anthropogenic Impact on Morphology of Teesta River in Northern Bangladesh: An Exploratory Study. Journal of Geosciences and Geomatics, 3(3), 50–55.">[Crossref] 

  21. Lei, C., & Zhu, L. (2018). Spatio-temporal variability of land use/land cover change (LULCC) within the Huron River: Effects on stream flows. Climate Risk Management, 19(January 2017), 35–47.">[Crossref]

  22. Leigh, D.S., Srivastava, P., & Brook, G.A. (2004). Late Pleistocene braided rivers of the Atlantic coastal plain, USA. Quaternary Science Reviews, 23(1-2), 65–84.">[Crossref]

  23. Lu, D., &Weng, Q. (2007). A survey of image classification methods and techniques for improving classification performance. International journal of Remote sensing, 28(5), 823-870.

  24. Masum, K.M., Islam, M.S., Fahim, M.S.I., Parvej, M., Majeed, M., Hasan, M.M. & Mansor, A. (2023). Temporal comparison of land-use changes and biodiversity in differential IUCN protected-area categories of Bangladesh in the context of co-management, Geology, Ecology, and Landscapes.">[Crossref]

  25. Mutahara, M., Warner, J. F., Wals, A. E. J., Khan, M. S. A., & Wester, P. (2018). Social learning for adaptive delta management: Tidal River Management in the Bangladesh Delta. International Journal of Water Resources Development, 34(6), 923–943.">[Crossref]

  26. Mosammam H, Nia J, Khani H, Teymouri A, Kazem M (2016) Monitoring land use change and measuring urban sprawl based on its spatial forms: the case of Qom city. Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Science.">[Crossref]

  27. Mahmud T., Sifa S.F., Islam N.N., Rafsan M.A., Kamal A.S.M.M., Hossain M.S., Rahman M.Z., Chakraborty T.R. (2021) Drought dynamics of Northwestern Teesta Floodplain of Bangladesh: a remote sensing approach to ascertain the cause and effect. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 193:1–19. [online] URL:">[Crossref]

  28. Ophra, S. J., Begum, S., Islam, R., & Islam, M. N. (2018). Assessment of bank erosion and channel shifting of Padma River in Bangladesh using RS and GIS techniques. Spatial Information Research, 26, 599-605">.[Crossref]

  29. Rahman, M. A. (2013). Water scarcity-induced change in vegetation cover along Teesta River catchments in Bangladesh: NDVI, Tasseled Cap and System dynamics analysis. 60.

  30. Rahman, M.M., Arya, D.S., Goel, N.K., Dhamy, A.P., (2011). Design Flow and Stage Computations in the 640 Teesta River, Bangladesh, Using Frequency Analysis and MIKE 11 Modeling. Journal of Hydrologic 641 Engineering 16, 176–186.">[Crossref]

  31. Raihan, M., Sarker, M., & Miah, M. (2018). Shortage of water in Teesta river basin and its impact on crop production in northern Bangladesh. SAARC Journal of Agriculture, 15(2), 113–123.">[Crossref]

  32. Rasul, G., Thapa, G. B., & Zoebisch, M. A. (2004). Determinants of land-use changes in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh. Applied Geography, 24(3), 217–240.">[Crossref]

  33. Sejati, A. W., Putri, S. N. A. K., Rahayu, S., Buchori, I., Rahayu, K., Wiratmaja, I. G. A. A., … & Basuki, Y. (2023). Flood hazard risk assessment based on multi-criteria spatial analysis GIS as input for spatial planning policies in Tegal Regency, Indonesia. Geographica Pannonica, 27(1).">[Crossref] 

  34. Sharma, A., & Goyal, M. K. (2020). Assessment of the changes in precipitation and temperature in Teesta River basin in Indian Himalayan Region under climate change. Atmospheric Research, 231(September 2019), 104670.">[Crossref]

  35. Sharma, N., Amoako, F., Craig, J., & Clark, M. (2010). Hazard , Vulnerability and Risk on the Brahmaputra Basin : A Case Study of Riverbank Erosion Assam Bangladesh. Water Resources, 211–226.

  36. Statistics, O. F. (2002). Statistical Pocketbook Bangladesh, 2015. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS).

  37. Zaki, A., Buchori, I., Sejati, A. W., & Liu, Y. (2022). An object-based image analysis in QGIS for image classification and assessment of coastal spatial planning. The Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Science25(2), 349-359.">[Crossref]

  38. Zevenbergen, C., Khan, S. A., van Alphen, J., Terwisscha van Scheltinga, C., & Veerbeek, W. (2018). Adaptive delta management: a comparison between the Netherlands and Bangladesh Delta Program. International Journal of River Basin Management, 16(3), 299–305.">[Crossref]

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2024-06-17 23:14:51

No citation recorded.