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Temporal Analysis of Land Use and Land Cover Changes in Vizianagaram District, Andhra Pradesh, India using Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques

Yenda Padmini  -  Dept of Geosciences, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar University, Srikakulam, India-532410, India
M Sreenivasa Rao  -  Department of Geology, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam-530003, India, India
*Gara Rao Raja  -  Department of Geology, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam-530003, India, India

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Land use and land cover change (LULCC) has become a significant global concern due to its wide-ranging environmental, social and economic impacts. This literature review aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the key ideas, drivers, consequences and approaches to studying LULCC. By synthesizing various research articles, this review offers insights into the causes and impacts of LULCC, as well as the methods used to analyze and monitor these changes. The review also highlights the importance of understanding LULCC dynamics for sustainable land management and policy making. Between 2017 and 2022, the LULC categories underwent several changes. Data acquisition process for satellite imagery combining Sentinel-2 digital remote sensing data digital remote sensing data through the Copernicus Open Access Hub. The spectral resolution is 10, 20, and 30 meters respectively, while the spatial resolution is 10 meters which was used for the LULC analysis of the study area. This analysis underscores the importance of LULCC monitoring to inform sustainable land management practices and conservation efforts. The trends identified provide a basis for further investigation into the underlying drivers of these changes and their potential impacts on ecosystems, water resources and human well-being. Continued monitoring and proactive measures are essential to mitigate adverse impacts and promote sustainable land use in the future.

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Keywords: Landuse, Landcover, Remote Sensing, GIS, Change Detection and Vegetation

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