SPEECH ACTS OF THE BRONTE SISTERS’ CHARACTERS

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/humanika.v25i2.20519
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Submitted: 01-10-2018
Published: 04-12-2018
Section: research artikel
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The study was under descriptive qualitative research to identify the most dominant speech act of the Bronte Sisters’ characters. The researchers collected 3,322 utterances from six characters of Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre (Jane Eyre and Edward Rochester), Emily Bronte’s Wuthering Heights (Heathcliff and Catherine Earnshaw), and Anne Bronte’s The Tenant of Wildfell Hall (Gilbert Markham and Helen Graham). MAXQDA 2018 supported the data analysis procedure; thus, coding was used in identifying speech acts. After coding implemented, the researchers analyzed the coding by using qualitative and quantitave compare groups, as well as document comparison chart in MAXQDA 2018 to check the most dominant use of speech acts in all characters. The study found that directive speech act is the most dominant speech act found in the Bronte sisters’ characters, while the declarative speech act is the least speech act. Speech acts of the Bronte sisters’ characters was expressed in declarative, interrogative and imperative forms.  Besides, speech acts in these novels highlight the use of address term, epithet, expression (verb, adjective, modal verbs), exclamation, conditional clauses, hedges and affirmative answer.


Keywords

Speech Acts; Bronte sisters’ novels; Wuthering Heights; Jane Eyre; The Tenant of Wildfell Hall.

  1. Citra Suryanovika  Sinta
    Sekolah Tinggi Bahasa Asing Pontianak, Indonesia

    Citra Suryanovika has been teaching in STBA Pontianak since 2010, She teaches  Introduction to linguistics and Morphosyntax. Currently, she is interested in studying the relation between language and gender.

  2. Irma Manda Negara 
    , Indonesia

    Irma Manda Negara  was born in Pontianak, 12 May 1987. As the lecturer of STBA Pontianak since October 2015, she teaches teaching method and ELT Media. Besides, her researches and community services were also about English teaching. To date, she has published some articles about English teaching method in printed and online journals.

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