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DINAMIKA PENDIDIKAN DI INDONESIA DALAM PERSPEKTIF FILSAFAT

*Sri Rahayu Wilujeng  -  Program Studi Ilmu Filsafat, Fakultas Filsafat, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
M Mukhtasar Syamsuddin  -  Program Studi Ilmu Filsafat, Fakultas Filsafat, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
Rr. Siti Murtiningsih  -  Program Studi Ilmu Filsafat, Fakultas Filsafat, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
Open Access Copyright (c) 2020 HUMANIKA under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0.

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Abstract

Education is a very important field for humans. Education is needed by humans in order to live a civilized and dignified life. The essence of education from ancient  to modern times has remained the same, namely shaping human character. Education in Indonesia is an effort to achieve national goals, namely to educate the nation. This paper is based on a brief study of the journey of education in Indonesia from the pre-colonial era to the reform era. This paper seeks to answer the question of how the history of education in Indonesia in general. How is the education policy in every era, how is the implementation of education in Indonesia from a philosophical perspective. This research is a philosophical study of the actual problem, namely education. In this study, a linear method was used through several stages, namely perception, reflection and conception. The elements of the method used are interpretation, analysis-synthesis, historical continuity, and idealization. From this research, it can be concluded that education in Indonesia is increasingly leading to a positivistic ontology of education. Education is increasingly losing its humanistic orientation because it sees humans as not as a whole. Education pays more attention to cognitive aspects and ignores other aspects. Pragmatism values in education are getting stronger in the reform era. Education as a program to prepare students to meet industrial needs. There was a reduction in the meaning of education, whose essence is cultural activity into economic activity. Education only makes humans become homo fabers. Education eliminates the opportunity for humans to become fully human. Education as a typical human activity is far more meaningful than just creating labor. Education is an effort to humanize humans.

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Keywords: education, human, philosophy, pragmatism

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Last update: 2021-06-17 17:10:07

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2021-06-17 17:10:07

No citation recorded.