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Acanthophyllia deshayesiana (Michelin, 1850) Coral Species Is Not Synonym With Cynarina lacrymalis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848)

1Marine Science, Indonesia

2Departement of Marine Science and Technology, Indonesia

3Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Indonesia

4 Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

5 Research Center for Oceanography (P2O), Indonesia

6 Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI), Indonesia

7 Departement of Biology, Indonesia

8 Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Indonesia

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Received: 16 Feb 2016; Published: 27 Aug 2016.

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Acanthophyllia deshayesiana has a different habitat with Cynarina lacrymalis in the nature, but they have same character on living forms, diameter, and height of corallite. Both of these species are considered synonym, thus it needs verification study to describe whether it is synonym species or not based on morphological data. Eleven descriptive characters and seven morphometric characters were used to verify the synonym species of these coral. Descriptive data were performed by scoring method, while morphometric data were obtained from morphometric. Morphometric data were analyzed by Correspondence Analysis of Principal Coordinates (CAP) and Agglomerative Hierarchical Cluster (AHC), while descriptive data were analyzed by UPGMA (Unweight Pair Group Method with Arithmetic Mean). The result showed that both of these coral cannot differentiate based on morphometric measurement. It can differentiate significantly based on descriptive characters, so both of these coral are not synonym.

Keywords: synonym, morphometric, descriptive, Cynarina lacrymalis, Acanthophyllia deshayesiana

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Funding: Dirjen Pendidikan Tinggi (DIKTI) for providing the research grants through Beasiswa Pendidikan Pascasarjana Dalam Negeri (BPPDN) Year 2013; Dr. Agus Budianto, Research Center for Oceanography (P2O) In

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