skip to main content

Epiphyte Identification on Kappaphycus alvarezii Seaweed Farming Area in Arungkeke Waters, Jeneponto and The Effect on Carrageenan Quality

Research Institute for Coastal Aquaculture and Fisheries Extension, Indonesia

Published: 4 Sep 2019.

Citation Format:
Abstract
Kappaphycus alvarezii which is widely cultivated at sea is susceptible to other algae that drift away and attach as epiphyte. This study aims to identify epiphyte on seaweed farming K. alvarezii and its effect on carrageenan quality. The study was conducted on K. alvarezii seaweed farming area in Jeneponto, South Sulawesi. Sample of epiphyte was obtained from four stations. Epiphyte was identified in laboratory based on its morphological characteristics and calculated its density. Carrageenan yield and gel strength of healthy seaweed and those infected one were analyzed in laboratory in triplicates for each sample. Data were statistically analyzed using independent samples t-test analysis. Present study showed that there were 6 epiphytes species on the seaweed farming area, namely: Entheromorpha intestinalis, Ceramium sp., Neosiphonia apiculata, Chaetomorpha crassa, Hypnea sp., and Gracilaria sp. The average of epiphytic density in cultivation area was (24.26±9.64)%. Healthy seaweed and infected one had significantly different carrageenan yield and gel strength (P<0.05). Healthy seaweed had higher carrageenan yield (48.17±1.62)% and gel strength (1130.76±8.42) g cm-² than infected seaweed which had carrageenan yield (42.47±0.23)% and gel strength (958.22±10.85) g cm-².
Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: epiphyte; cultivation; K. alvarezii; carrageenan
Funding: Research Institute for Coastal Aquaculture and Fisheries Extension

Article Metrics:

Last update:

  1. Recent advances in seaweed seedling production: a review of eucheumatoids and other valuable seaweeds

    Calvin Jiksing, McMarshall M. Ongkudon, Vun Yee Thien, Kenneth Francis Rodrigues, Wilson Thau Lym Yong. Algae, 37 (2), 2022. doi: 10.4490/algae.2022.37.5.11
  2. Seaweed resources of Tanzania: status, potential species, challenges and development potentials

    Flower E. Msuya. Botanica Marina, 63 (4), 2020. doi: 10.1515/bot-2019-0056
  3. Biosecurity policy and legislation of the seaweed aquaculture industry in Tanzania

    Sadock B. Rusekwa, Iona Campbell, Flower E. Msuya, Amelia S. Buriyo, Elizabeth J. Cottier-Cook. Journal of Applied Phycology, 32 (6), 2020. doi: 10.1007/s10811-020-02194-1
  4. The One-Health approach in seaweed food production

    Gianluca Bizzaro, Ann Kristin Vatland, Daniela M. Pampanin. Environment International, 158 , 2022. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2021.106948
  5. Current biodiversity status, distribution, and prospects of seaweed in Indonesia: A systematic review

    Mohammad Basyuni, Maya Puspita, Rinny Rahmania, Hatim Albasri, Indra Pratama, Dini Purbani, A.A. Aznawi, Alfian Mubaraq, Shofiyah S. Al Mustaniroh, Firman Menne, Yulizar Ihrami Rahmila, Severino G. Salmo III, Arida Susilowati, Siti H. Larekeng, Erwin Ardli, Tadashi Kajita. Heliyon, 10 (10), 2024. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2024.e31073
  6. Effect of Growth of Filamentous Algae on the Thallus Surface of Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty) L.M.Liao (Rhodophyta)

    N. Birana , Ma'ruf Kasim, Salwiyah, A.M. Balubi , Z.R. Yala , W.S. Cahyani, W. Jalil , T. Mustari, M. Paena . International Journal on Algae, 25 (3), 2023. doi: 10.1615/InterJAlgae.v25.i3.70
  7. Carrageenan From Kappaphycus alvarezii (Rhodophyta, Solieriaceae): Metabolism, Structure, Production, and Application

    Rennielyn Rupert, Kenneth Francis Rodrigues, Vun Yee Thien, Wilson Thau Lym Yong. Frontiers in Plant Science, 13 , 2022. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2022.859635
  8. Contrasting response of Gracilaria chilensis (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta) life cycle stages to epiphyte infection

    Sara Usandizaga, Jessica Beltrán, Sylvain Faugeron, Carolina Camus. Journal of Applied Phycology, 35 (4), 2023. doi: 10.1007/s10811-023-02998-x
  9. Tropical Phyconomy Coalition Development

    Cicilia S. B. Kambey, Jonalyn P. Mateo, Sadock B. Rusekwa, Adibi R. M. Nor, Calvyn F. A. Sondak, Iona Campbell, Anicia Q. Hurtado, Flower E. Msuya, Phaik Eem Lim, Elizabeth J. Cottier-Cook. Developments in Applied Phycology, 11 , 2024. doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-47806-2_7
  10. Interaction of epiphyte Polysiphonia sp with Kappaphycus alvarezii host based on anatomical structure and phytochemical profile

    Mursal Ghazali, Wahyu Widoretno, Catur Retnaningdyah, Estri Laras Arumingtyas. INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENVIRONMENTAL, MINING, AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 2022, 3001 , 2024. doi: 10.1063/5.0184452

Last update: 2024-05-19 08:07:51

No citation recorded.