Masculinization of Tropical Eel Anguilla bicolor McClelland in Different Population Density

*Farida Nur Rachmawati orcid  -  Jenderal Soedirman University, Indonesia
Yulia Sistina  -  Jenderal Soedirman University, Indonesia
Received: 15 Apr 2020; Revised: 6 Jul 2020; Accepted: 7 Jul 2020; Published: 2 Sep 2020; Available online: 2 Aug 2020.
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In general, female eel dominates the results of catching eel in the river. Male fish dare rarely found in nature, therefore masculinization is necessary for obtaining in males.  The administration of 17α-methyltestosterone  to masculinize Anguilla bicolor McClelland.   It is a synthetic anabolic-androgenic steroid which has potential to endocrine disrupter that disturbed function of normal reproduction in human or animal. It urgently needed that a masculinization technique needs to study the use of an environmental factor. Population density is one of the environmental factors that influence gender determination (ESD-environmental dependent sex determination). This will result in increased cortisol secretion, which will further stimulate the synthesis of 11-KT steroids that affect male gonad differentiation. This study aims to induce masculinization in tropical eel Anguilla bicolor McClelland in different density. Three treatments and three replicates conducted the research. The treatments were one fish.48 L-1, two fish.48 L-1   and three fish.48 L-1.  Eels size was approximately similar, at 16,78 g±0,62 in weight, and 25,38 cm±0,15 in length were either culture in brackish water for eight weeks. The results showed that density population treatment significantly increased the Fin Index (P<0.05), but no sign for Eye Index, GSI, HSI, and testosterone level. The highest male population (77,8%) achieves at the highest density treatment, three fish.48 L-1 population density. It can be concluded, based on reproductive observations, population density does not affect gonad maturity/puberty, but the high population density (3 fish.48 L-1)stimulates Anguilla bicolor McClelland masculinization.

Keywords: Anguilla bicolor; masculinization; population density
Funding: Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

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