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Biodiversity of Reef Fishes in Three Small Outer Islands of West Papua, Indonesia

1Naval Architecture Department, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Maritim Raja Ali Haji, Indonesia

2Research Center for Oceanography, National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia

3Marine Science Department, Faculty of Marine Science and Fisheries, Universitas Maritim Raja Ali Haji, Indonesia

4 English Language Study Program, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Maritim Raja Ali Haji, Indonesia

5 Socio Economic of Fisheries, Faculty of Marine Science and Fisheries, Universitas Maritim Raja Ali Haji, Indonesia

6 Research Center for Environmental and Clean Technology, National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia

7 Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Bangladesh

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Received: 22 Jul 2022; Revised: 27 Oct 2022; Accepted: 10 Sep 2022; Published: 1 Dec 2022.

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Abstract

Coral fish groups have a very strong dependence on coral reef ecosystems. Nusa Manggala Expedition was carried out for twenty days to explore basic data on the diversity of species of coral reef fish in the Liki, Bepondi, and Miossu Islands. Assessment of coral fish assemblages using Underwater Visual Census (UVC). Four hundred and thirty-two species of fifty families of reef fishes found during the 2nd session the Nusa Manggala expedition in Liki, Bepondi, and Miossu islands, northern Papua. Four species (Mobula tarapacana, M. alfredi, Oxymonacanthus longirostris, Bolbometopon muricatum, and Plectropomus areolatus) and one species (Cheilinus undulatus) categorized of IUCN as Vulnerable (VU) and Endangered (EN), respectively, were recorded in this study. There is unique pattern of reef fishes’ composition in small outer islands location in pristine location that shows Pomacentridae and Labridae were almost in the same number as Gobiidae, Apogonidae, Serranidae, Chaetodontidae, and Acanthuridae. In addition, the results showed that the Liki and Miossu islands and Bepondi Island included at the Coral Fish Diversity Index (CFDI) as an extraordinary and excellent category of marine fish, respectively. The results of the expedition showed that the Liki Islands and Miossu Island had an extraordinary category of marine fish, and Bepondi Island had an excellent category of sea fish. The culture of local people in Papua called "Sasi" prove to provide full protection to the ecosystem and have a positive impact on high diversity of reef fishes.

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Keywords: Biodiversity; Marine Fishes; Liki Islands; Bepondi Island; Miossu Islands

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