KAJIAN KUALITAS AIR DAN PENGGUNAAN SUMUR GALI OLEH MASYARAKAT DI SEKITAR SUNGAI KALIYASA KABUPATEN CILACAP

*Endar Budi Sasongko  -  , Indonesia
Endang Widyastuti  -  , Indonesia
Rawuh Edy Priyono  -  , Indonesia
Published: 22 Oct 2014.
Open Access
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Abstract

Sungai Kaliyasa mengalami penurunan kualitas dan diduga mempengaruhi kualitas air sumur gali. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengkaji: 1) kualitas air sumur gali, parameter fisika, kimia, dan mikrobiologi dibandingkan dengan Permenkes RI No.416/Menkes/Per/IX/1990, 2) perilaku masyarakat, dan 3) hubungan perilaku masyarakat dengan kualitas air sumur gali. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan semua air sumur gali tidak berbau, TDS, mangan, dan pH memenuhi baku mutu, sedangkan warna, besi, klorida, dan total coliform tidak memenuhi baku mutu. Perilaku masyarakat secara umum tidak baik. Perilaku masyarakat secara signifikan berhubungan dengan kualitas air sumur gali di sekitar Sungai Kaliyasa. Hal yang dapat disarankan yaitu: 1) masyarakat membuat IPAL, 2) pemerintah dan masyarakat dapat merubah perilaku masyarakat.

Kata Kunci: Kualitas air, sumur gali, perilaku masyarakat, Sungai Kaliyasa.

Water quality of Kaliyasa River has decreased and suspected to affect water quality dug well.  Research’s aim review: 1) water quality dug wells, physics, chemical, and microbiology parameters compared with Permenkes RI No.416/Menkes/Per/IX/1990, 2) society behavior, and 3) societies behavioural relationship with water quality dug well. Observational result showed that all water quality dug well are odorless, TDS, manganese, and pH accomplished the quality standard. While the color, iron, chloride, and total coliform parameters were not accomplish the quality standard. Society’s behaviour commonly was inauspicious.  Society behaviour significantly associated with water quality dug well around Kaliyasa River. Suggestions: 1) society makes WWTP, 2) government and society can change society behaviour.


Keywords: Water quality, dug wells, society behavior, Kaliyasa River

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