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Household food security and diet quality with chronic energy deficiency among preconception women

Pradita Putri Ramadhani  -  Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
*Fillah Fithra Dieny scopus  -  Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Dewi Kurniawati  -  Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Hartanti Sandi  -  Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Deny Yudi Fitranti  -  Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Ayu Rahadiyanti  -  Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
A. Fahmy Arif Tsani  -  Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Received: 11 Apr 2020; Published: 30 Jun 2021.

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Abstract

Background: Chronic energy deficiency (CED) that occurs at risk preconception women during pregnancy increased low birth weight (LBW) in infants. Household food security and diet quality are factors that cause CED. Therefore, this study aims to determine the relationship between household food security and diet quality with CED preconception women.

Materials and Methods: We used a cross-sectional study design. The subject of 70 preconception women aged 16-35 years registered in the religious affairs office in Sumowono and Pringapus Subdistrict were selected by consecutive sampling method. Weight and height were measured to assess body mass index to determine CED. Household food security was measured using the Household Food Security Scale Module (HFSSM). Food intake data were obtained using the Semi-Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (SQ-FFQ) and DQI-I (Diet Quality Index-International) to measure diet quality. Bivariate analyses were tested using Rank Spearman and Pearson Product Moment.

Results: The prevalence of subjects with CED risk was 48.6% and subjects with  CED was 15.7%. 38.6% of subjects married at the age of 16-20 years, 75.1% of subjects had low household food security and 80% of subjects had low diet quality. There was no significant relationship between household food security and diet quality with CED, namely (p = 0.537) and (p = 0.711). The components of diet quality, namely variation, adequacy, moderation and balance also did not show a significant relationship with CED, respectively with p-value (p = 0.711), (p = 0.523), (p = 0.412), (p = 0.604 )

Conclusions: There was no correlation between household food security and CED, also no correlation between diet quality and CED.

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Keywords: CED; Diet quality; food security; Preconception woman

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