EFFECTS OF Citrus hystryx AS FAT PROTECTOR ON UNSATURATED FATTY ACIDS, CHOLESTEROL AND CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF LAMB MEAT

*N.C. Tiven -  Agriculture Faculty, Pattimura University, Jln. Ir. M. Putuhena Kampus Poka, Ambon 97233, Indonesia
I. P. Siwa -  Agriculture Faculty, Pattimura University, Jln. Ir. M. Putuhena Kampus Poka, Ambon 97233, Indonesia
L. Joris -  Agriculture Faculty, Pattimura University, Jln. Ir. M. Putuhena Kampus Poka, Ambon 97233, Indonesia
Received: 1 Feb 2016; Published: 1 Mar 2016.
Open Access
Abstract
This study was conducted to determine the effect of Citrus hystrix as fat protector on unsaturated fatty acids, cholesterol and chemical composition of lamb meat. The research design applied was completely randomized design with 3 treatments and 5 replications. Fifteen local male lambs aged 9-12 months weighing 14-17 kg, were divided into 3 groups of different diet treatments (P0 : sheeps were only given a basal diet; P1 : sheeps are given basal diet and 3% cooking oil; P2 : sheeps are given basal diet, 3% cooking oil and protected by 3% Citrus hystrix powder). The data were analyzed by analysis of variance, the differences among treatments were tested by Duncan’s New Multiple Range Test. The results showed meat from sheeps that consume P2 diet has a total fatty acid and polyunsaturated fatty acids content were higher (P<0.01), with lower cholesterol content (P<0.01) than of P0, and has a protein and fat content were higher (P <0.01), but a lower water content (P<0.01) than that of PO. It can be concluded that the use of Citrus hystrix powder as fat protector can increase content of polyunsaturated fatty acids, protein and fat, but decrease cholesterol content.

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Keywords
citrus hystrix; fat protector; unsaturated fatty acids; cholesterol; meat; chemical composition

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