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The α-casein gene polymorphism of goats in tropical environment

*M.T.A. Mohammed orcid scopus  -  Environmental Research Center, University of Technology, Iraq
J. M. Dhuha  -  Head Quarter, University of Anbar, Iraq
M.Z.H. Haniza  -  Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Malaysia
A. Al-Bakri Salih  -  Environmental Research Center, University of Technology, Iraq
Open Access Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture

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Abstract

This study was completed to investigate the breed factor that influences milk production in different goat breeds in the tropical environmental area. A total of 28 goats were utilized in this work. These goats consisted of two different breeds, which were Anglo-Nubian and Saanen. Blood samples were withdrawn through jugular veinsof goats into plastic tubes without EDTA for gene polymorphism. A t-test was used to analyse if there are any significant differences in molecular weight and frequency values of DNA between breeds. Investigation of DNA polymorphism in alleles A, B and C of α-casein were identified in all breeds, while allele F were studied in Saanen goats only. As a conclusion; Saanen goats have more varieties α-casein allele

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Keywords: gene polymorphism, α-casein, Anglo-Nubian, Saanen, goat

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