Analisi Faktor Risiko Malaria Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Sarmi Kota, Kabupaten Sarmi, Tahun 2012

*James Khristian Imbiri -  , Indonesia
Suhartono Suhartono -  , Indonesia
Nurjazuli Nurjazuli -  , Indonesia
Published: 30 May 2013.
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Section: Research Articles
Language: EN
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Statistics: 1094 1900
Abstract

Background : Several factors have potential to accommodate the spread and cause of malaria include environmental,
physical, condition housing, and comunity behaviour. People in the working area of the Sarmi Municipal Public
Health Service, Sarmi District, have high risk behavior of being exposed by malaria disease. In addition, physical
condition of housings are still far below healthy standard. Slumps area and bushes around the environment under
study have contributed to poor health condition. The presence of cattle cages nearby the houses have been considered
to cause the vast growing malaria-bound mosquitos.
Methode : This study aimed to find out the relationship between environmental conditions nearby the houses, physical
conditions, housing comunity behaviors and malaria incidence in the working area of Sarmi Municipal Public Health
Service, Sarmi District, Sarmi Regency, Papua Province. This observational study applied a restropective study with a
case control approach, in which case group – those who suffered from malaria – were compared with control group. The
case group consisted of 57 respondents, whereas the control group consisted of 57 respondents. Data were subject to
univariate and bivariate analyses using a Chi-square technique. To calculate the risk factor, the study applied an odd
ratio and to find out the simultaneous relationship meaning (p) between independent variables and the dependent
variables the study applied a multivariate analysis. This analysis was then correlated with a logistic regression.
Result : Results of the study showed the following outputs: 1) a relationship between water slumps and malaria (OR
5.827); 2) a relationship between bushes and malaria (OR 3.232); 3) a relationship between window ventilation filters
and malaria (p value : 0.014; OR 2.773); and 4) a relationship between type of houses and malaria (OR 3.714).
Conslusion : The study concluded that the presence of water slumps contributed to the growth of mosquito larvae.
The malaria risk factors related to the installation of window ventilation filters, types of houses, and the presence of
bushes nearby the housings. These risk factors have affected the malaria incidence in the working area of Sarmi
Municipal Public Health Center as much as 99.9%.

Keywords : malaria, Environment, Physical Conditions Housing, and Behaviors.

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