PEMODELAN KEMISKINAN DI JAWA MENGGUNAKAN BAYESIAN SPASIAL PROBIT PENDEKATAN INTEGRATED NESTED LAPLACE APPROXIMATION (INLA)

*Retsi Firda Maulina  -  Badan Pusat Statistik, Indonesia
Anik Djuraidah  -  Departemen Statistika, FMIPA, IPB University, Indonesia
Anang Kurnia  -  Departemen Statistika FMIPA, IPB University, Indonesia
Received: 18 Sep 2019; Published: 30 Dec 2019.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2019 MEDIA STATISTIKA
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Language: EN
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Abstract
Poverty is a complex and multidimensional problem so that it becomes a development priority. Applications of poverty modeling in discrete data are still few and applications of the Bayesian paradigm are also still few. The Bayes Method is a parameter estimation method that utilizes initial information (prior) and sample information so that it can provide predictions that have a higher accuracy than the classical methods. Bayes inference using INLA approach provides faster computation than MCMC and possible uses large data sets. This study aims to model Javanese poverty using the Bayesian Spatial Probit with the INLA approach with three weighting matrices, namely K-Nearest Neighbor (KNN), Inverse Distance, and Exponential Distance. Furthermore, the result showed poverty analysis in Java based on the best model is using Bayesian SAR Probit INLA with KNN weighting matrix produced the highest level of classification accuracy, with specificity is 85.45%, sensitivity is 93.75%, and accuracy is 89.92%.
Keywords
Bayesian; INLA; Poverty; Probit; Spatial

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