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Physical Well-Being Needs of Bone Cancer Patients during Treatment in the Hospital: A Qualitative Study

*Priyanto Priyanto orcid  -  Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health, Universitas Ngudi Waluyo, Indonesia
Achmad Fauzi Kamal  -  Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia
Debie Dahlia  -  Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia
Besral Besral  -  Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia
Open Access Copyright (c) 2023 Nurse Media Journal of Nursing
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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Abstract

Background: Bone cancer patients undergoing hospitalization require support to manage physical challenges for optimal healing and recovery. The physical aspects experienced by the patients significantly affect their physical well-being. Addressing these aspects is essential for nurses in providing care. However, comprehensive assessments of bone cancer patients’ physical needs have not been thoroughly explored.

Purpose: This study aimed to explore the physical well-being needs of patients with bone cancer undergoing hospitalization.

Methods: This qualitative study with a phenomenological approach was conducted among 14 bone cancer patients selected through purposive sampling. The criteria included patients with a primary cancer diagnosis, undergoing hospitalization at a cancer center, and having good orientation and verbal communication abilities. In-depth interviews were employed to delve into the patients’ well-being needs. To triangulate the data, 12 cancer nurses were involved. Data analysis utilized the Creswell method.

Results: This study found chronic pain and bone lumps as fundamental physical challenges, leading to disruptions in physical movement, sleep disturbances, and dependency on others for self-care. Six themes emerged regarding the physical well-being needs of hospitalized bone cancer patients: goals and needs for physical well-being, need for pain management, need for physical mobility, need for sleep and rest, need for self-care, and the meaning of physical well-being for patients. Physical well-being provides a significant meaning in achieving nursing goals.

Conclusion: This study shows the significance of addressing pain management, physical mobility, sleep and rest, and self-care for the physical well-being of bone cancer patients. Nurses should be able to identify various physical complaints and help improve the physical well-being of bone cancer patients.

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Keywords: Bone cancer; cancer; hospital; needs; physical well-being
Funding: Educational Fund Management Institution of the Finance Ministry of the Republic of Indonesia

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