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Gambaran Perilaku Higiene Sanitasi Makanan dan Kontaminasi E.coli pada Pedagang Makanan Jajanan di Sekolah Dasar Kecamatan Genuk, Kota Semarang

Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Indonesia

Received: 26 Sep 2019; Revised: 1 May 2020; Accepted: 10 May 2020; Published: 1 Jun 2020.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2020 MEDIA KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/.

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Abstract

ABSTRAK

Latar belakang: Banyak makanan jajanan sekolah yang kurang memenuhi persyaratan kesehatan yang mengancam kesehatan anak. Sehingga diperlukan aspek penilaian higiene sanitasi makanan untuk mengendalikan resiko pencemaran pada makanan. Bakteri yang sering dijadikan indikator pencemaran makanan adalah Escherichia coli. Tujuan utama penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui gambaran praktik higiene sanitasi dan kontaminasi E.coli pada pedagang makanan jajanan di lingkungan sekolah dasar wilayah Kecamatan Genuk, Kota Semarang.

Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan jenis penelitian deskriptif dengan menggunakan metode pendekatan kualitatif berupa observasi, wawancara dan uji laboratorium. Sampel diambil dengan metode purposive sampling, sebanyak 33 pedagang makanan jajanan di sekolah dasar wilayah Kecamatan Genuk, Kota Semarang.

Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tingkat pengetahuan pedagang makanan jajanan sudah baik yaitu sebanyak 18 (54,5%) responden. Sikap pedagang yang baik yaitu sebanyak 17 (51,5%). Ketersedediaan fasilitas higiene sanitasi yang kurang baik sebanyak 17 (51,5%).

Simpulan: Praktik higiene sanitasi pedagang makanan jajanan masih kurang baik yaitu sebesar 18 (54,5%) dan terdapat makanan jajanan yang terkontaminasi bakteri E.coli yaitu sebanyak 11 (33,3%) sehingga higiene sanitasi dari pedagang makanan jajanan perlu diperbaiki.

 

Kata kunci: makanan, higiene, sanitasi, Escherichia coli

ABSTRACT

Title: A Description of Food Hygiene and Sanitation and E.coli contamination in Snack Food Traders in Genuk Sub-District Primary Schools, Semarang City

 

 

Background: Many school snacks is not health for requirements and threaten children's. Some aspects of assessment hygiene and sanitation, control the risk of contamination of the food. Bacteria are often used as indicators of food contamination is Escherichia coli. The main purpose of this research to know the description of food hygiene and sanitation with E. coli contamination on traders' food snacks in elementary school Kecamatan Genuk, Semarang City.

Method: This research is a type of descriptive research using a qualitative approach in the form of observation, interviews and laboratory tests. Samples were taken by purposive sampling method, as many as 33 snacks traders in elementary schools in the Genuk District, Semarang City.

Result: The results showed the level of knowledge of street food vendors was already good as many as 18 (54.5%) respondents. A good attitude of traders is as much as 17 (51.5%). The availability of poor sanitation hygiene facilities is 17 (51.5%).

Conclusion: The sanitation hygiene practices of street food vendors are still not good at 18 (54.5%) and some snacks are contaminated with E. coli bacteria as many as 11 (33.3%) so that the sanitation hygiene of street food vendors needs to be improved.

 

Keywords: food, hygiene, sanitation, Escherichia coli

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Keywords: makanan; higiene; sanitasi; Escherichia coli

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