Analisis Karakteristik Lingkungan Pada Kejadian Leptospirosis di Kabupaten Demak Jawa Tengah Tahun 2009

*Bina Ikawati -  Loka Litbang P2B2 Banjarnegara, Indonesia
Nurjazuli Nurjazuli -  Staf Pengajar Prodi Kesling PPs Undip, Indonesia
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Section: Research article
Language: EN
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Statistics: 213 1092
Abstract

Leptospirosis is a zoonosis disease caused by Leptospira bacteria and transmitted to human by contact with
contaminated animal urin or contaminated environment. Leptospirosis cases in Demak district increased for
4 year later. Until April 15th 2008, there ware 62 leptospirosis cases with Case Fatality Rate =9,67%. The aim
of this research was to determine environmental characteristic related to leptospirosis case in Demak district.
It was an observational research using a case control design with 44 cases and 44 controls. Cases were
leptospirosis diagnosed by leptotek dri dot in Demak Health District Agency. Controls were neighbour of
leptospirosis cases who didn’t have clinically symptom of leptospirosis, with age and sex at inclusion criteria.
Laboratory diagnosis with leptotek dri dot had done for controls who agreed to sign inform consent. Data
were analyzed using chi square test at α=5%. Variable with p value<0,25 would be continued with multivariat
test using Regressi Logistic - Backward Likehood Ratio method.
The result of this research showed that there ware 10 controls with no clinical diagnosis but positive at
leptotek dri dot diagnosis. At statistical analysis 10 cases and 10 controls dropped. Univariat analysis showed
controls and cases have environmental risk factor and knowledge, attitude, practice about leptospirosis
similarly. Bivariat analysis showed there was no relationship between environmental characteristic and
knowledge, attitude, practice with leptospirosis. Test of water sample had been done at 8 location. One of
them of creek showed positif contain Leptospira sp. Rat trapped had been done at four location, showed trap
succes about 8,7%-29,8%. Eventhough environment factor and knowledge, attitude, practice showed there
were no relationship with leptospirosis statistically but water from creek that positif Leptospira sp, water
suffused and highly of trap succes at rat trapped were very conducive for leptospirosis transmission.
Keywords : environment, leptospirosis, Demak

permalink: http://ejournal.undip.ac.id/index.php/mkmi/article/view/2912

 

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