Kandungan Energi, Protein, Sakarin, Siklamat dan Frekuensi Konsumsi Makanan Jajanan Oleh Siswa MTs Syarif Hidayah Kecamatan Doro Kabupaten Pekalongan

*Winda Meirina -  , Indonesia
Laksmi Widajanti -  , Indonesia
Martha Irene Kartasurya -  , Indonesia
Published: .
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Section: Research article
Language: EN
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Abstract

Makanan jajanan berkontribusi untuk kecukupan gizi karena mengandung energi dan protein, namun seringkali ditambah sakarin dan siklamat yang dapat berdampak buruk pada kesehatan jika berlebihan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis kandungan energi, protein, sakarin, siklamat dan frekuensi konsumsi makanan jajanan oleh siswa. Jenis penelitian adalah deskriptif dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Sampel adalah 50 siswa dan 14 jenis makanan jajanan yang dipilih secara purposive. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan kandungan energi tertinggi pada es kelapa muda (323 kkal) dan protein tertinggi pada es cendol (3,1 g). Tujuh sampel mengandung sakarin dan 8 sampel mengandung siklamat. Hampir setiap hari kuantitas konsumsi rata-rata energi, protein, sakarin, dan siklamat yaitu 559 kkal; 4,7 g; 5,4 mg/hari; dan 8,3 mg/hari. Rata-rata makanan jajanan menyumbang 26% AKE (Angka Kecukupan Energi), 8% AKP (Angka Kecukupan Protein), dan semua responden mengkonsumsi sakarin dan siklamat kurang dari ADI (Acceptable Daily Intake).

Kata kunci: makanan jajanan, zat gizi, sakarin, siklamat, siswa

Energy, Protein, Saccharine, Cyclamate Contents and Frequency Consumption of Street Foods By Students MTs Syarif Hidayah Doro Suh-District, Pekalongan, The contribution of Street foods for adequacy of nutrition that contain energy and protein, actually it were often added with saccharine and cyclamate which can effect on health. The puposes of this research was to analyze energy, protein, saccharine, cyclamate contents, and frequency consumption of street foods by students. This research was a descriptive study with a cross sectional design. The sample was 50 students and 14 kinds of street food elected by a purposive method. The results showed that the highest energy was found on the young coconut ice drink (323 kkal) and the highest protein was found on the es cendol (3,1 g). Seven samples contained saccharine and 8 samples contained cyclamate. Average consumption quantity of energy, protein, saccharine, and cyclamate from street foodsvwere 559 kcals; 4,7 g, 5,388 mg/day; and 8,317 mg/day respectively. Average street foods have 26% of Adequacy Rate of Energy, dan 8% of Adequacy Rate of Protein and all of the respondents consumed saccharine and cyclamate less than ADI (Acceptable Daily Intake).

Keyword : street foods, nutrient contents, saccltarine, cyclamate, students

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