*Yemima Sahmura Vividia  -  Planning Development Workshop Architect, Indonesia
Bangun IR Harsritanto orcid scopus  -  universitas diponegoro, Indonesia
Received: 22 May 2019; Published: 29 May 2019.
Open Access
Citation Format:

Vertical occupancy, especially apartments, began to live the face of the city. Not without reason, housing needs continue to increase sharply as the availability of vacant land is increasingly limited. Occupying an apartment becomes a trend and lifestyle for young people. The reason boils down to productivity. The construction of apartments is usually built close to various activity centers, both business, commercial, education, health to entertainment. The improvement of building construction is not supported by the availability of land that is increasingly limited, especially in the city of Jarakta, making the construction of high-rise buildings anticipate this. The construction of multi-story buildings also increases the risk of fire. In 2018, according to him, there were at least 1,078 recorded disaster events throughout 2018. Head of the Jakarta Fire and Rescue Management Agency, Subedjo, said that out of a total of 897 buildings or tall buildings in Jakarta, 280 tall buildings had not yet accomplished the fire protection system (Dinas, 2018).

Therefore, this research needs to be done to evaluate the lifesaving facilities and infrastructure in the building. The application of fire safety in buildings can be evaluated regarding to NFPA 101 (2013). Based on NFPA 101A: Guide on Alternative Approaches for Life Safety (2013), there are 12 elements of safety and Regulation of the Minister of Public Works No. 26 / PRT / M / 2008 concerning Technical Requirements of Fire Protection Systems in Building Buildings. The building that became the object of research is one of the buildings in the area of Jakarta mentioned building X and building Y. The variables that are the focus of the research are fire stairs, fire doors, and access roads. Based on the results of the study, the level of reliability of the means of saving lives against fire hazards in building X is equal to 58% and in building Y is 65%.
Keywords: means of life-saving; fire; evaluation; Jakarta;

Article Metrics:

  1. Dinas Pemadam Kebakaran dan Penanggulangan Bencana (2018) Rekapitulasi Kejadian Kebakaran Bulanan di provinsi DKI Jakarta Tahun 2013
  2. Fitzgerald, R.W. (2014). Building Fire Performace Analysis, USA: Worcester Polytechnic Institute.
  3. Harsritanto, Bangun IR (2018) Urban Environment Development based on Universal Design Principles, E3S Web of Conferences 31, 09010
  4. Harsritanto, Bangun IR (2018) Sustainable Streetscape Design Guideline based on Universal Design Principles, MATEC Web of Conferences 159, 01003
  5. Harsritanto, Bangun IR, et al (2017) Universal design characteristic on themed streets, IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 99 012025
  6. Juwana, J.S. (2005). Panduan Sistem Bangunan Tinggi, Jakarta: Erlangga.
  7. Kementrian Pekerjaan Umum. (2008) Peraturan Mentri Pekerjaan Umum Nomor 26 Tahun 2008 tentang Persyaratan Teknis sistem Proteksi Kebakaran pada Bangunan Gedung dan Lingkungan.
  8. Kementrian Pekerjaan Umum. (2000) Ketentuan Teknis Pengamanan Terhadap Bahaya Kebakaran pada Bangunan Gedung dan Lingkungan.
  9. NFPA. (2012) Life Safety Code, Edition 2012, National Fire Protection Association: Worcester Quincy MA.
  10. NFPA. (2013) Guide on Alternative Approaches to Life Safety, Edition 2013, National Fire Protection Association: Worcester Quincy MA.
  11. NFPA. (2013) Standard on Types of Building Construction, Edition 2013, National Fire Protection Association: Worcester Quincy MA.
  12. SNI 03-1746-1989. (2015). Tata Cara Pemasangan Alat bantu Evakuasi Untuk Pencegahan Bahaya Kebakaran Pada Bangunan Rumah dan Gedung, Jakarta: Jakarta.
  13. Soewarno, Soekartono. (2015). Pemahaman Teknis Sarana Evakuasi Pada Bangunan Gedung, Vol. 1, Jakarta: Persatuan Insinyur Indonesia.