skip to main content

The Pope and the Pandemic: A Critical Discourse Analysis on America’s COVID-19 Coverage

Universitas Sanata Dharma, Indonesia

Received: 4 May 2021; Published: 31 Oct 2021.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2021 PAROLE: Journal of Linguistics and Education under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0.

Citation Format:
Abstract

This study explores the ways in which America: The Jesuit Review, one Catholic media in the United Sates represents the COVID-19 pandemic to the believers. Using Critical Discourse Analysis, the analyzed materials include 35 selected articles appeared from March to May 2020 publication. Stylistic devices, discursive practice, and ideological implications are the three main analyzing techniques. The analysis reveals that, first, rhetorical style predominates. Secondly, comforting rather than disabling is the mode used in the reporting. Lastly, Pope Francis as the head of the Catholic Church is the moral reference in his call for faith, hope, and compassion during this pandemic time.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: COVID-19; Comforting, Papal views; Rhetoric,
Funding: Sanata Dharma University

Article Metrics:

  1. America: The Jesuit Review. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.americamagazine.org/about-america-media
  2. Arsyad, R. M., & Asdar A.B., M. (2019). Religious Identity Politics on Social Media in Jakarta Gubernatorial Election 2017. Asian Social Science. https://doi.org/10.5539/ass.v15n4p11
  3. Atkeson, A. (2020). What Will Be the Economic Impact of COVID-19 in the US? Rough Estimates of Disease Scenarios. NBER Working Paper 26867
  4. Baker, P., Gabrielatos, C., & McEnery, T. (2013). Sketching muslims: A corpus driven analysis of representations around the word “Muslim” in the British press 1998-2009. Applied Linguistics. https://doi.org/10.1093/applin/ams048
  5. Banchoff, T., & Casanova, J. (2016). The jesuits and globalization: Historical legacies and contemporary challenges. In The Jesuits and Globalization: Historical Legacies and Contemporary Challenges
  6. https://doi.org/10.1080/09557571.2018.1444854
  7. Betts, J., & Krayem, M. (2019). Strategic Othering: Framing Lebanese Migration and Fraser’s “Mistake.” Australian Journal of Politics and History. https://doi.org/10.1111/ajph.12538
  8. Burke, R. M., Midgley, C. M., Dratch, A., Fenstersheib, M., Haupt, T., Holshue, M., … Rolfes, M. A. (2020). Active Monitoring of Persons Exposed to Patients with Confirmed COVID-19 — United States, January–February 2020. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6909e1
  9. Byng, M. D. (2010). Symbolically muslim: Media, hijab, and the west. Critical Sociology. https://doi.org/10.1177/0896920509347143
  10. Catalano, R. (2021). Is Interreligious Dialogue Changing the Church? The Significance of the Document on Human Fraternity. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-53425-7_24
  11. Chu, P. (2013). Sojourners in a Strange Land: Jesuits and their Scientific Missions in Late Imperial China. Annals of Science. https://doi.org/10.1080/00033790.2011.614008
  12. Cooper, S., Olejniczak, E., Lenette, C., & Smedley, C. (2017). Media coverage of refugees and asylum seekers in regional Australia: A critical discourse analysis. Media International Australia. https://doi.org/10.1177/1329878X16667832
  13. Don, Z. M., & Lee, C. (2014). Representing immigrants as illegals, threats and victims in Malaysia: Elite voices in the media. Discourse and Society. https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926514536837
  14. Gannett, C., & Brereton, J. C. (2015). Traditions of eloquence: The Jesuits and modern rhetorical studies. In Traditions of Eloquence: The Jesuits and Modern Rhetorical Studies. https://doi.org/10.1080/15363759.2016.1223496
  15. Gatto, M., Bertuzzo, E., Mari, L., Miccoli, S., Carraro, L., Casagrandi, R., & Rinaldo, A. (2020). Spread and dynamics of the COVID-19 epidemic in Italy: Effects of emergency containment measures. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2004978117
  16. Heri Setyawan. (2019). Redefining the Role of Religion in Contemporary Society: Pope Francis and Sheikh Ahmad Muhammad al-Tayyeb. JSW (Jurnal Sosiologi Walisongo), 3(2), 111–124. https://doi.org/10.21580/jsw.2019.3.2.4023
  17. Isti’anah, A. (2014). Transitivity analysis in four selected opinions about Jakarta governor election. Phenomena
  18. Joye, S. (2010). News discourses on distant suffering: A critical discourse analysis of the 2003 sars outbreak. Discourse and Society. https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926510373988
  19. Leung, C. C. M., & Huang, Y. (2007). The paradox of journalistic representation of the other: The case of SARS coverage on China and Vietnam by western-led english-language media in five countries. Journalism. https://doi.org/10.1177/1464884907083118
  20. Mahajan, U. V., & Larkins-Pettigrew, M. (2020). Racial demographics and COVID-19 confirmed cases and deaths: A correlational analysis of 2886 US counties. Journal of Public Health (United Kingdom). https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdaa070
  21. Nothwehr O.S.F., D. M. (2018). A Model for Muslim-Christian Dialogue on Care for the Earth: Vatican II, St. Francis and the Sultan, and Pope Francis. In Catholicism Engaging Other Faiths. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-98584-8_16
  22. O’Connell, G. (2021). Pope Francis has received the Covid-19 vaccine. America: The Jesuit Review. Retrieved from https://www.americamagazine.org/faith/2021/01/13/pope-francis-receive-covid-19-vaccine-239704
  23. O’Malley, J. W. (2016). The Distinctiveness of the Society of Jesus. Journal of Jesuit Studies. https://doi.org/10.1163/22141332-00301001
  24. Octastefani, T. (2019). MEASURING THE IDENTITY, LOCAL DEMOCRACY AND TRANSFORMATIVE POLITICS: A CRITICAL CASE OF THE JAKARTA GUBERNATORIAL ELECTION 2017. Al-Izzah: Jurnal Hasil-Hasil Penelitian. https://doi.org/10.31332/ai.v14i2.1289
  25. Odean, J.-M. (2017). Finding God in All Things: Identity and Purpose in a Jesuit Community for the Elderly. OKH Journal: Anthropological Ethnography and Analysis Through the Eyes of Christian Faith. https://doi.org/10.18251/okh.v1i1.10
  26. Pasaribu, T. A. (2017). Gender differences and the use of metadiscourse markers in writing essays. International Journal of Humanity Studies, 1(1), 93–102. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.24071/ijhs.2017.010110
  27. Robert Bireley. The Jesuits and the Thirty Years War: Kings, Courts, and Confessors. New York: Cambridge University Press. 2003. Pp. xii, 300. $65.00. (2004). The American Historical Review. https://doi.org/10.1086/ahr/109.2.597
  28. Rothe, D., & Muzzatti, S. L. (2004). Enemies Everywhere: Terrorism, Moral Panic, and US Civil Society. Critical Criminology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10612-004-3879-6
  29. Saraswati, B., & Pasaribu, T. A. (2019). Metadiscourse markers and gender variation in journal articles. SKASE Journal of Theoretical Linguistics
  30. Spirituality: Finding God in All Things. (n.d.). Retrieved from Jesuits website: https://jesuits.global/en/spirituality#finding-god-in-all-things
  31. The Jesuits: a history from Ignatius to the present. (2015). Choice Reviews Online. https://doi.org/10.5860/choice.188561
  32. Van Dijk, T. A. (2016). Critical discourse analysis. Revista Austral de Ciencias Sociales. https://doi.org/10.4206/rev.austral.cienc.soc.2016.n30-10
  33. van Kley, D. K. (2018). Reform Catholicism and the international suppression of the jesuits in enlightenment Europe. In Reform Catholicism and the International Suppression of the Jesuits in Enlightenment Europe. https://doi.org/10.1093/fh/crz015
  34. Wallis, P., & Nerlich, B. (2005). Disease metaphors in new epidemics: The UK media framing of the 2003 SARS epidemic. Social Science and Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2004.11.031
  35. White, P. R. R. (2003). Beyond modality and hedging: A dialogic view of the language of intersubjective stance. Text. https://doi.org/10.1515/text.2003.011
  36. Wodak, Ruth, & Meyer, Michael. 2009. Methods of Critical Discourse Studies. Methods for Critical Discourse Analysis
  37. World Health Organization. (2010). Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) Situation Report– 111. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200510covid-19-sitrep-111.pdf?sfvrsn=1896976f_6

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2024-03-01 08:09:48

No citation recorded.